Top MySQL interview questions and answers in 2023

If your goal is to be placed as a successful MySQL developer in a top Silicon Valley company, or to assemble a team of brilliant MySQL developers, then you have reached the perfect place. To provide you with some idea about the type of MySQL interview questions you can ask or be asked, we have carefully prepared a list of MySQL developer interview questions for your MySQL interview.

Last updated on Mar 21, 2023

If you want to work in development and operations, becoming a MySQL developer is the way to go. Going over the MySQL technical interview questions, on the other hand, isn't exactly a bed of roses. The following list of MySQL interview questions and answers can assist you whether you are a candidate seeking a job or a recruiter looking to hire the best MySQL developer. You can use it to model other questions based on this pattern or answer questions that are similar to this one.

MySQL interview questions and answers


Is MySQL case-sensitive?

MySQL does not care about the case. Its case sensitivity is determined by the underlying operating system, as the case sensitivity of table names and databases is determined by the OS. Database and table names are not case sensitive in Windows, but they are case sensitive in UNIX. The database accepts both upper and lower case table names, especially on UNIX hosts.


How do I write an optimized MySQL query?

This is one of the most searched MySQL query interview questions. Here are some guidelines for writing an optimized query in MySQL:

  • Predicates should not contain functions
  • Do not use wildcard symbols such as percent at the start of predicates
  • In the SELECT clause, only include columns that are required
  • Use the inner join option at all times
  • When assuming sorted results, SQL requires the use of the "Order by" clause


What is the difference between MyISAM and InnoDB?

These specific MySQL interview questions and answers for experienced candidates can be helpful. MyISAM and InnoDB are the most commonly used storage engines in MySQL.

The following are the distinctions between MyISAM and InnoDB:

  • Transactions are no longer supported by MyISAM, but they are supported by InnoDB
  • MyISAM facilitates table-level locking, whereas InnoDB facilitates row-level locking
  • Full-text search is aided by MyISAM, but not by InnoDB
  • MyISAM was designed for speed, whereas InnoDB was designed for maximum performance
  • MyISAM no longer supports foreign keys, but InnoDB does
  • With InnoDB, we can use commit and rollback, but not with MyISAM
  • MyISAM no longer supports ACID (Atomicity, Consistency, Isolation, and Durability), whereas InnoDB does
  • The AUTO INCREMENT field is a section of the index in the InnoDB table but not in MyISAM


What is the difference between truncate, delete and drop?

The difference is as listed below:


  • It deletes all of the rows from a table.
  • It does not necessitate a WHERE clause.
  • Truncate is incompatible with indexed views.
  • It is faster in terms of results.


  • It deletes some or all of the rows from a table.
  • A WHERE clause is used to exclude certain rows based on the matched condition. When we do not use the Where condition in the Query, all rows are deleted.
  • It eliminates rows one by one.
  • It is compatible with indexed views.


  • It is used to remove a table from the database.
  • When we use this command, we will also remove all of the table's rows, indexes, and privileges.
  • The action cannot be reversed.


What are the various methods for optimizing a MySQL query?

  • When creating a stored procedure, do not use "sp_."
  • When using the SELECT command, do not use "*." Avoid including unnecessary columns in the SELECT clause as well
  • When writing queries, you can use table aliases
  • Avoid using the wildcard (percent) at the beginning of a predicate
  • DISTINCT and UNION should only be used when absolutely necessary


What is indexing?

A database index is a fact structure that enhances the speed with which operations in a table are performed. It can be built with one or more columns, laying the groundwork for both quick random lookup and efficient sorting of records access. Indexes help you rapidly find rows with certain column values.


What is cardinality?

This is one of the most searched MySQL query interview questions. The term cardinality in MySQL relates to the type of data values that can be stored in columns. It's a property that affects the ability to search, cluster, and sort data.

There are two types of cardinality, which are as follows:

  • Low Cardinality: A column's values must all be the same.
  • High Cardinality: A column's values should all be unique.


What are DDL, DML, and DCL?

These specific MySQL interview questions and answers for experienced candidates can be helpful. DDL stands for Data Definition Language in MySQL, and it is used in database schemas and descriptions to determine how data should be stored in the database.

DDL Queries:

  • DROP

DML stands for Data Manipulation Language and is used to manipulate data in databases. It largely consists of standard SQL commands for storing, modifying, retrieving, deleting, and updating data.

DML Queries are:

  • CALL

DCL stands for Data Control Language and encompasses instructions that deal with user rights, permissions, and other database system controls.

List of queries for DCL:



Why do MySQL triggers exist?

When a certain change operation, such as a SQL INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE query, is executed on a table, a trigger corresponds to a collection of activities that run automatically.


What is Sharding in SQL?

This is one of the most common MySQL query interview questions. Sharding is the technique of dividing huge tables into smaller portions (called shards) that are distributed across different servers. The benefit of sharding is that searches, maintenance, and all other operations are substantially faster because the sharded database is generally much smaller than the original.

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Wrapping up

A MySQL developer's interview procedure is not restricted to MySQL technical interview questions. As a candidate seeking a dream MySQL job, you must be prepared to answer MySQL interview questions as well as questions about your soft skills, such as communication, problem-solving, project management, crisis management, team management, and so on. It is your duty as a recruiter to identify a MySQL developer who fits your company's culture. As a result, apart from technical MySQL interview questions, you should also inquire about the candidates' team and social skills.

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