Python, owing to its simple syntax and extensive coverage of scientific computing and data science, has been gaining good traction in web development. The language covers an extensive list of tools for data science, machine learning, web development, and many more fields.
The language is well recognized in the fields of mathematical computation, data science, machine learning (ML), Artificial Intelligence (AI), IoT (Internet of Things), and various other applications.
With extensive libraries, this multipurpose programming language aids in creating data visualization, GUI application, web application, and much more.
As Python is a general purpose language, it can create a variety of programs without being restricted to any specific use-case. However, it is the Python tools that make it easy for developers to use Python for maximum benefit.
So, if you are looking to become a Python developer in 2022, here are some of the best Python development tools, libraries, and Integrated Development Environments (IDEs) for your reference. While each Python IDE or code editor is unique with regard to features, user interface and multiple other parameters; we are listing the ones most used by the Python developer community.
PyCharm is one of the best Python tools. It is an IDE with a smart code editor, navigation, intuitive auto-completion, a powerful debugger, a GUI-based test runner, and more. Besides, it also supports intelligent automated code refactoring, testing assistance, and code inspections.
To stretch its scientific computation features, one can integrate the NumPy and Matplotlib library.
PyCharm currently supports Python 2 version 2.7 and Python 3 from the version 3.6 up to the version 3.11
Jupyter Notebook is a popular and open-source web application. The name comes from the programming languages Julia, Python, and R that it supports. You can use this tool to support interactive development, share documents containing live code, create visualizations, and more. Also, it uses a console-based approach for document authoring and the facility to add notes with your codes.
Data scientists and machine learning engineers prefer this tool for various complex tasks. This is because Jupyter eases the creation and execution of your code where you only have to execute one cell to test the code instead of running the entire program.
Keras is a deep learning API written in Python language. The tool is used to create a deep neural network and support various back-end neural network computations. The tool is user-friendly, modular, and easily extensible. Since it’s written in Python it can run easily on top of other neural network frameworks: TensorFlow, CNTK, and Theano Microsoft Cognitive Toolkit, PlaidML.
Also, it being open-source attracts the contributors to improve it even more making the creation of neural networks even more easier.
Furthermore, it creates detailed and actionable error messages so that you can troubleshoot your code easily.
The language was initially conceptualized to implement deep learning models as easily as possible. Currently, it runs on Python 2.7 and 3.5.
After getting command over the Python programming language, you may want to dive deeper into fields such as data science, artificial intelligence, or data analysis. In such cases, you may need to install some additional packages. For this, you need a tool such as Pip.
Most Python developers are aware of this package as it comes in handy when one needs to install any Python package.
For package management, pip comes installed with Python’s installers since Python 2 and Python 3. In fact, with Python 3, the installer has the option to install pip on your system by default.
Vim is a text editor that is an enhanced version of the UNIX editor Vi. With plenty of extensions available, you can customize it easily. If you develop a hold over this editor, you can easily use Vim for Python development. However, if you are new to it, you will need some time to get used to it.
Some of the prominent features of Vim include the separation between viewing and editing of the file, the ability to integrate with a large system of plugins, advanced editing commands, syntax highlighting, graphical versions, and much more.
Selenium is also among the list of best Python development tools. It is an open-source automation framework for web applications and a tool for agile testing in Python. This tool aids in writing test scripts for multiple programming languages such as Java, C#, PHP, and more.
It allows performing tests for multiple browsers in operating systems such as Windows, macOS, and Linux.
Also, the tool comes in handy to perform manual, automated, and cross-browser testing for Python-based web applications.
Additionally, to manage test cases and reports, one can integrate it with tools like JUnit and TestNG
Not to miss, you can also convert automated tests into manual function tests upon need.
Sublime Text is a lightweight text editor that creates clean Python code. This tool is fast, and supports many languages. The editor also supports plugins that you can use to enhance its capabilities.
Its major attractions are the highly context-aware auto-completion feature and syntax definition engine.
And, as it is beginner-friendly, it possesses extensive Python API documentation.
Some other features include multi-tab selection, quick navigation to lines, files and symbols, simultaneous editing, command palette, project specific preferences, and extensive customizability.
As Python is open-source, you can easily find its codes online in popular repositories. However, in order to make their programs open-source and freely available, developers need to create documentation. And, this is where Sphinx comes in.
It serves as the most viable tool when you need to generate documentation for your code.
To start, it works on terminal or cmd for windows and asks you some basic questions about your code. Thereafter it generates a file for your use.
Thonny is a dedicated Python integrated development environment that is easy to start with especially for beginners. Some highlighting features of Thonny are a simple built-in debugger, variable explorer, built-in Python shell (Python 3.7), an editor that highlights syntax errors, and auto code completion feature.
Its simple and clean pip GUI helps you easily install third-party packages as well.
Some other benefits of Thonny IDE include expression evaluation, representation of function calls on a separate window, and highlighting of syntax errors. It can also inspect code to provide bracket matching.
Scikit-Learn is one of the most useful open-source libraries for machine learning in Python. The library consists of a massive collection of tools for statistical modeling and machine learning including classification, regression, clustering, and dimensionality reduction.
The library has mostly been written in Python and is built upon NumPy, SciPy, and Matplotlib. Also, some of its core algorithms are written in Cython to improve performance.
Other than that, the library uses a unified and consistent Python interface to implement ML, visualization, pre-processing and cross-validation algorithms.
Some other benefits this library has to offer include acceleration in object classification, assistance with continuous-valued attribute prediction and regression, clustering of support-vector machines, gradient boosting, and more.
These were some of the best Python development tools for developers in 2022. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced Python programmer, these Python development tools will help improve your efficiency and productivity in web development.
These tools and libraries have been go to’s for Python programmers and software engineers to improve the code speed, create clean code, auto complete code, download large data and organize it for varied uses.
Python is a versatile and highly popular language that offers plenty of tools for a wide range of needs and functionalities. And, now that you have seen Python's best tools and their features, you can make use of the ones most suited to your requirement.
If you have any more queries, you can shoot us your question down in the comments section.
" Disha Prakash is a writer with around eight years of experience writing in diverse domains. Besides, she holds a few research papers in computer vision and image processing published in international publications. In her free time, she loves to read books, do yoga, and meditate. "
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