Milagros Ribas


About Milagros Ribas

Milagros is a content writer with more than 8 years of experience in writing compelling narratives on diverse topics. She holds a BA in translation and thrives at translating complex tech concepts into engaging and accessible content for different audiences. In her free time, she loves running, watching movies and learning new languages.

Languages, frameworks, tools, and trends

Step-by-Step Guide: How to Integrate AI into Your Projects

AI is one of the most powerful and advanced tools we currently have in the tech world. Integrating it into your projects can be extremely useful but can also be a challenging task. In this article, we’ll walk you through the intricacies of effectively incorporating artificial intelligence into your development projects. From defining objectives to… View Article

AI is one of the most powerful and advanced tools we currently have in the tech world. Integrating it into your projects can be extremely useful but can also be a challenging task. In this article, we’ll walk you through the intricacies of effectively incorporating artificial intelligence into your development projects.

From defining objectives to selecting frameworks and implementing ethical considerations, follow our step-by-step approach to elevate your projects with cutting-edge AI capabilities.

15-step guide to implementing AI in your project

By following these steps, developers can integrate AI capabilities into their current projects to enhance functionality and stay at the forefront of technological innovation.

1. Define project goals and use cases: Identify the objectives AI will help you achieve in your project. List specific use cases where AI can add value. A well-defined scope sets the foundation for successful AI integration.

This step ensures alignment between technology and business objectives and guides subsequent decisions in data acquisition, model selection, and overall implementation.

2. Assess data requirements: Identify the type and amount of data needed for AI training. Ensure data quality, diversity, and relevance to enhance the model’s performance.

3. Choose AI frameworks or tools: Once you’ve identified the requirements, select the appropriate AI frameworks (e.g., TensorFlow, PyTorch) or prebuilt AI tools (e.g., Azure Cognitive Services, AWS SageMaker).

4. Set up development environment: Install the necessary libraries and dependencies for your chosen AI framework. Set up your development environment for seamless integration.

5. Understand AI models: Gain a thorough understanding of the AI models suitable for your project (e.g., machine learning, natural language processing), and then choose models that align with your defined goals and use cases.

6. Preprocess data: Clean, preprocess, and format data to make it suitable for AI training. Consider techniques such as normalization and feature engineering.

7. Train AI models: Use your preprocessed data to train the selected AI models. Fine-tune the models to improve their accuracy and performance.

8. Integrate AI into your codebase: Embed AI components into your existing codebase. Make sure there is consistent communication between your application and the AI models.

9. Handle input and output: This step is crucial. Developers must design robust mechanisms for feeding data into AI models that ensure compatibility and effective communication. Additionally, they need to create efficient systems to interpret and utilize AI-generated outputs within their applications that optimize the overall performance and user experience.

10. Test thoroughly: Conduct extensive testing to identify and rectify any issues. Utilize unit tests, integration tests, and real-world scenarios to validate AI integration.

11. Monitor and optimize: Implement monitoring tools to track AI model performance. Continuously optimize models based on real-world usage and feedback.

12. Ensure ethical considerations: Be mindful of ethical considerations related to AI, including bias and privacy and implement necessary safeguards to address them.

You can read more about the importance of bias mitigation in our article about the current limitations of LLMs.

13. Provide documentation: Create comprehensive documentation for developers and stakeholders. Include details on AI integration, data requirements, and troubleshooting steps.

14. Plan for scalability: Develop a scalable AI integration plan that can accommodate future growth and increased demands. Developers should design their systems with scalability in mind, considering factors like data volume, user interactions, and model complexity.
Employing cloud-based solutions, optimizing code efficiency, and incorporating modular architectures enable fluid scalability. This proactive approach ensures that the AI components can efficiently handle larger datasets and user loads as the project evolves without compromising performance or user experience.

15. Stay informed and update: Last but not least, regularly update AI models and algorithms to benefit from the latest advancements. Stay informed about new developments in the AI field.

Is it necessary to include AI in your development projects?

Integrating AI in development projects is crucial for staying competitive and enhancing efficiency. AI brings automation, data-driven insights, and advanced capabilities that optimize processes, foster innovation, and deliver superior user experiences. 

However, navigating the intricate landscape of AI requires a commitment to continuous learning, adaptability, and collaboration. By following these steps, you not only harness the potential of cutting-edge technology but also position your project for long-term success in an increasingly dynamic and competitive digital landscape. Stay informed and agile to unlock new possibilities and ensure the sustained growth and innovation of your projects.

Turing leverages AI to assist clients in transforming their data into business value across diverse industries. Our utilization of AI technologies spans areas such as natural language processing (NLP), computer vision, and text processing, among others. Join Turing and be part of the future.

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By Feb 22, 2024
self-improvement of LLMs
Languages, frameworks, tools, and trends

What’s Next? Self-Improvement of LLMs

From the early days of large language models (LLMs), refining and self-improvement of AI have been one of the most compelling topics. Can large language models self-improve? The unlimited nature of these tasks suggests there is constant room for enhancing model response quality.  Improving your language model entails enhancing its capabilities, refining its performance, and… View Article

From the early days of large language models (LLMs), refining and self-improvement of AI have been one of the most compelling topics. Can large language models self-improve? The unlimited nature of these tasks suggests there is constant room for enhancing model response quality. 

Improving your language model entails enhancing its capabilities, refining its performance, and addressing potential limitations. Throughout this blog, we’ll discuss the scope of self-improvement of large language models over the next few months and the potential strategies to implement them.

9 strategies for self-improving LLMs

While there are numerous strategies for the self-improvement of LLMs, some of the most crucial ones include:

  1. Dataset enrichment: Regularly update and expand the training dataset with new, diverse, and relevant information. This helps the model stay current with the latest developments and trends.
  2. Fine-tuning: Fine-tune the model on specific domains or tasks to improve its performance in those areas. This involves training the model on a smaller dataset related to the specific domain of interest. This method is beneficial because training a large language model from scratch is very expensive, both in terms of computational resources and time. By leveraging the knowledge already captured in the pretrained model, one can achieve high performance on specific tasks with significantly less data and computation.
  3. Prompt engineering: Customize at inference time with show-and-tell examples. An LLM is provided with example prompts and completions, as well as detailed instructions that are prepended to a new prompt to generate the desired completion. The parameters of the model are not changed.
  4. Evaluation and feedback loop: Implement a continuous evaluation and feedback loop. Regularly assess the model’s outputs, gather user feedback, and use this information to iteratively improve the model’s performance.
  5. Diversity in training data: Ensure that the training data is diverse and representative of various perspectives, cultures, and languages. This helps the model generate more inclusive and unbiased outputs.
  6. Ethical considerations: Implement ethical guidelines in the training process to minimize biases and ensure responsible AI. Regularly review and update these guidelines to reflect evolving ethical standards.
  7. User interaction monitoring: Analyze user interactions with the model to understand how it’s used and identify areas for improvement. This can include monitoring for instances where the model provides incorrect or biased information.
  8. Constant learning: Implement techniques for regular learning that allow the model to adapt to new information and adjust its parameters over time. This helps the model stay relevant in a dynamic environment.
  9. Regular model updates: Periodically release updated versions of the model to incorporate improvements. This could involve retraining the model with new data and fine-tuning it based on user feedback.

Alternative approaches for self-improvement of LLMs

Within this dynamic realm of self-improvement, there are some softer approaches you might want to take into account to boost LLM’s performance. 

  • Collaboration with experts: Collaborate with subject matter experts to enhance the model’s understanding of specific domains. Experts can provide valuable insights and help fine-tune the model for specialized knowledge.
  • Performance metrics: Define and track appropriate performance metrics to measure the model’s effectiveness. Use these metrics to identify areas that need improvement and guide the self-improvement process.
  • Research and innovation: Stay informed about the latest advancements in natural language processing and AI research. Implement innovative techniques and algorithms to enhance the model’s capabilities.
  • Regular maintenance: Conduct regular maintenance to address any technical issues, bugs, or performance bottlenecks that may arise. Keep the model infrastructure up to date.


We are at a key point in the evolution of artificial intelligence, and self-improvement is a critical aspect. The scope of this development is boundaryless, and it’s barely in its early stages. However, it is also a dynamic process that requires a very delicate balance between technological advancement and ethical mindfulness.

Ongoing research in these areas, along with collaboration among researchers and industry practitioners, will continue to drive advancements in LLMs to not only make them more powerful and beneficial in diverse applications but also ensure that they contribute positively to our growing digital landscape.

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By Feb 9, 2024
junit pameterized tests
Languages, frameworks, tools, and trends

JUnit Parameterized Tests: Revolutionizing Code Flexibility

Learn how to master, test and simplify your code by using JUnit parameterized tests

In the dynamic world of software development, writing robust and adaptable tests is crucial for ensuring the reliability of your codebase. One of the most powerful features of JUnit 5, the latest version of the popular Java testing framework, is parameterized tests, which allow developers to write more flexible and concise test suites. In this blog post, we’ll dig into the world of JUnit parameterized tests and explore how they enhance test versatility and maintainability.

But first, we’ll go into a brief overview of JUnit 5. It has been developed to leverage new and powerful advances from Java 8 and beyond. It allows the use of multiple extensions simultaneously, which was not possible in previous versions. 

Parameterized tests in JUnit 5: Functionalities

Writing tests for different input values often requires duplicating test methods with varying parameters—an approach that often leads to code duplication and makes tests harder to maintain and more prone to errors. JUnit 5 parameterized tests enable developers to avoid this problem by executing one single test method with diverse parameters. Therefore, we can use JUnit 5 parameterized tests to:

  • Simplify test case writing for every possible input
  • Reduce code duplication
  • Maximize code coverage for all possible scenarios
  • Execute tests before deploying builds on the test environment
  • Minimize execution time

How to use JUnit 5 parameterized tests

First of all, in order to use parameterized tests, you have to include the junit-jupiter-params dependency.

Custom aggregators:

This functionality allows you to create parameters dynamically or apply custom logic to change the existing values. JUnit 5 allows you to achieve this by implementing a customized ArgumentsAggregator.

class CustomArgumentsAggregator implements ArgumentsAggregator {


    public Object aggregateArguments(ArgumentsAccessor accessor, ParameterContext context) {

        return new CustomObject(accessor.getString(0), accessor.getInt(1));





void testWithCustomAggregator(CustomObject customObject) {

    // Test logic using the custom object


Display names

In order to create more legible names for the tests, you can use @DisplayName.. This feature is particularly useful for failed tests, allowing you to read what is going on and what is wrong easily.

Value sources

In JUnit 5, “values sources” is a feature that allows you to provide specific datasets as arguments to the parameters of a parameterized test method. This is useful when you want to run the same test with different datasets.

Instead of manually providing a list of values for the parameters of a parameterized test method, you can use predefined value sources, such as @ValueSource, to specify datasets more conveniently. Other types of sources include @EnumSource, @MethodSource, and @CsvSource.

However, you should take into account that the value sources feature only supports these types:

  • short (with the shorts attribute)
  • byte (bytes attribute)
  • char (chars attribute)
  • java.lang.String (strings attribute)
  • java.lang.Class (classes attribute)
  • int (ints attribute)
  • float (floats attribute)
  • long (longs attribute)
  • double (doubles attribute)

Null and empty values

When performing tests, it’s important to validate if the application is going to work correctly when handling null and/or empty values. In order to perform these tests, we can pass a null and empty value using annotations.


Parameterized testing in JUnit 5 is an indispensable tool in the arsenal of any developer committed to software quality. This revolutionary approach saves valuable time by enabling the testing of code with a variety of data without the need to replicate test methods for each scenario. The flexibility and adaptability offered by parameterized testing not only simplify test writing but also improve the maintainability of test code by reducing duplication and unnecessary complexity.

If you are a developer looking to boost your efficiency and explore a wide range of situations and conditions in a single test, parameterized tests in JUnit 5 might be one of your best allies in the landscape of software testing.

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By Jan 30, 2024
LLM crystal ball
Languages, frameworks, tools, and trends

LLM Crystal Ball: Future of LLM Development

Learn what is a large language model, what is in store for the future of LLM, the uses of LLM in AI, and its current limitations

Over the last few years, large language models (LLMs) have become one of the most promising trends in the tech world. Even though in the past their use has been a matter of concern, the future prospects of LLMs are more than exciting. Since November 2022, the month in which ChatGPT (probably the most renowned LLM in AI), was launched, there have been various updates and enhancements to LLMs that make them the most significant tech development of the last decade.

What is a Large Language Model? In simple words, it is an artificial intelligence algorithm that uses massive data sets and different learning techniques in order to achieve general-purpose language understanding and also the generation of a new language.

5 current limitations of LLM

As with any other new development in the tech industry, LLMs still have some limitations that might compromise their use that still need some refining. Here are five issues that currently limit LLMs: 

  1. Lack of real understanding: LLMs may need help with reasoning, logic, and understanding context. They might provide answers that are technically correct but lack real-world common sense. Also, LLMs generate information but lack the ability to verify the accuracy or truthfulness of the content, leading them to possibly generate misinformation or respond to factually incorrect queries.
  1. Ambiguity: LLMs might struggle to differentiate ambiguous queries, often providing contextually inaccurate information. 
  1. Prone to bias: If LLMs are trained on datasets that contain biases, they will replicate them in their responses and perpetuate prejudices.
  1. Difficulty in handling dynamic information: LLMs may struggle to handle rapidly changing or dynamic information, as they are trained on static datasets. This limitation can affect their ability to provide up-to-date or contextually relevant information.
  1. Unethical use: LLMs can be used for unethical purposes, such as generating malicious content, deepfake text, or automated spam. Consequently, ensuring responsible use and preventing misuse are ongoing challenges with LLMs.

Future of LLM development: Areas of evolution

Despite these limitations, the evolution of LLM in the tech world has been continuous and astounding, opening up thrilling possibilities across various domains. So, the inevitable question is, what’s next? What’s the scope of LLMs? Future development in this field is likely to focus on several key areas:

  • Fine-tuning and specialization: LLMs are being tailored for specific industries or professions, such as legal, medical, and engineering. Current LLM development is focusing on techniques to fine-tune models to obtain better performance on niche tasks.

  • Multimodal capabilities: Development continues to improve the integration and understanding of multiple modalities, including text, images, audio, and potentially other sensory inputs. Also, these capabilities would enhance the model’s ability to generate and comprehend information across different modalities.

  • Bias mitigation and ethical AI: Bias and unethical use of LLMs are worrying issues. Strategies are being implemented to reduce biases in language generation and incorporate ethical considerations into the training and deployment of LLM.

  • Customization: Currently, LLM use is generic and can lead to ambiguity and lack of context. In the near future, LLMs are expected to allow users to customize their preferences to suit individual choices. To achieve this goal, personalized learning methods are being developed to enhance the user experience and implement mechanisms for continuous learning to keep models up-to-date and relevant.

  • Multilingual competence: LLMs are expected to expand their language support by including and polishing the use of more languages and dialects. This will make the use of LLMs more globally accessible and inclusive.

  • Edge computing integration: Making LLMs more accessible by optimizing them for deployment on edge devices will reduce the dependency on cloud-based solutions and result in increased privacy and efficiency.

  • Collaboration with other AI models: Integration with other AIs can enhance functionality and achieve a more comprehensive problem-solving technique.

  • Robustness and security: By improving their robustness against adversarial attacks and misinformation and implementing security measures, LLMs can be better protected against potential malicious uses of the technology.
  • Training methods: Developing more efficient training methods and model architectures will improve the performance of LLMs. Some of these methods include combining multiple models (ensemble learning); conducting systematic hyperparameter tuning to optimize the learning rate, batch size, and other parameters; and including different optimization algorithms to find the most suitable model for each specific task. Also, the incorporation of few-shot and zero-shot learning, which include training a model using few or null examples of a particular task, will broaden the applications for LLMs. (Currently, GPT-3 is capable of few-shot learning.)


The evolution of LLMs is not static—it’s a dynamic process marked by continual refinement and exploration. The impact of LLMs extends beyond mere language understanding and serves as a catalyst for a more interconnected and intelligent future. And this journey has just begun—the potential for discovery and innovation is boundless. With responsible development, ethical deployment, and continued research, LLMs are going to shape the way we interact with information, each other, and the world at large.

Furthermore, the acquisition of AI programming skills is not only advantageous but essential for developers to contribute meaningfully to the future of technology. A deep understanding of AI programming not only enables developers to navigate the diverse dimensions of AI technology responsibly but also preserves the human touch and critical thinking vital for responsible AI development.

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By Jan 22, 2024
Learn how to use advanced bash scripting
Languages, frameworks, tools, and trends

Advanced Bash Scripting: Mastering Functions and Libraries

An advanced bash scripting guide to learn how to master functions and libraries to ensure code reusability and organization

Bash scripting is a powerful skill that allows system administrators and developers to automate tasks, streamline workflows, and enhance productivity. While an understanding of basic bash scripting is essential, mastering advanced concepts like functions and libraries takes your scripting abilities to a whole new level. In this blog post, we’ll explore the complexity of advanced bash scripting, focusing on functions and libraries.

Functions: The building blocks of bash scripts

If you’re a developer using advanced bash scripting, you probably know how tedious it can be to copy and paste chunks of code fragments over and over again. Bash functions are blocks of code that you can create and reuse in scripts any time you want. These reusable blocks of code enable you to modularize your scripts and enhance code maintainability. 

A bash function encapsulates a set of commands and can accept parameters, making it flexible and versatile. Here’s a breakdown of key aspects when working with functions:

  • Function declaration: In bash, declaring a function is straightforward. It can be declared like this:
    functionName {

    or like this
    functionName() {

  • Function invocation: Once a function is defined, you can call it by its name

  • Function parameters: Functions can accept parameters, enhancing their flexibility

Libraries: Code reusability and organization

As advanced bash scripting becomes more complex, maintaining a clean and organized codebase becomes crucial. Libraries, in the context of bash scripting, are collections of the functions we have previously mentioned and variables grouped together to address specific tasks. Creating and utilizing libraries can significantly improve code reusability and maintainability, and they allow you to organize your code into modular components.

There are some practices you can follow to maintain a clear organization of your bash scripting:

  • Library structure: A bash library typically consists of functions and variables organized logically. To create a library, save your functions in a separate file (e.g., and then include it in your main script using the source command. Consider creating separate libraries for different purposes.

  • Function naming: Be cautious about function-naming conflicts. Prefixing functions in the library with a unique identifier can help avoid clashes with other functions.

  • Sourcing: Use the source or command to include the library in your main script. This ensures that the functions in the library are available in the current script’s context.

  • Variable scope: Variables declared in the library will have the same scope as if they were declared in the main script. Use local inside functions to limit the scope.

5 bash scripting best practices

Best practices are essential, but for various reasons, they might end up being neglected. Here are 5 best practices that you should always apply in bash scripting:

  • Comment the code

This is pretty basic but many developers forget to do it, and it’s very useful not only for yourself but for other developers that might want to check or modify your script. It also helps in understanding the role of the function—a very handy feature when you are working in remote environments.

  • Use functions

Functions, a set of commands grouped together to perform a specific task that helps modulate the workflow, make the code cleaner, more readable, and easier to maintain.

  • Employ double quotation marks

The use of double quotation marks will help eliminate unnecessary word wrapping, word splitting, and whitespace when variable values contain a separator character or whitespace.

  • Declare variables

You should always declare the variable according to its data type and use. Variables can be declared globally or locally in the script. When the variable is not declared, bash may not be able to execute the related command. 

  • Finish execution error

When executing a script, there may be an execution error. Even if a command fails to execute, the script may continue to run and affect the other commands in the script. To avoid further logical errors, you should always include ‘set -e’ to terminate the command in case of an error.


The art of mastering bash scripting

Bash scripting streamlines repetitive tasks, automates processes, and facilitates file and system management, which makes it an indispensable tool for operational efficiency. Thus, mastering Bash scripting can be extremely helpful. Making proper use of functions and organizing them into libraries in bash scripting will allow you to write code that’s cleaner, more modular, and easier to maintain. Not only will you enhance code reusability and reduce the risk of errors, but you will also improve your overall scripting capacity.

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By Jan 3, 2024