For Developers

5 Ways to Select the Best Web Development Language for Your Project

best programming language for web development

There is no shortage of languages available for web development. Hundreds of them are used today. However, that does not mean that all are created equal as the best programming language for web development for one situation (or individual) may be the wrong choice for another. Fortunately, you don't need to master them all. As for which to focus on, this article will discuss four methods for choosing coding languages to help you reach your objectives. We'll also discuss the best programming languages for web development and the ones that will continue to be in high demand over the next few years.

How to select the best programming language for web development

When deciding which web development language to learn, there are five questions you should ask yourself.

Which language is easy to master?

Learning a new web development language requires both time and resources. As a result, it's crucial to think about which languages provide the quickest routes to mastery. Fortunately, programmers are frequently upfront about some languages being easier to learn than others. The following are among the simplest to understand and are among the best programming languages for web development.

  1. HTML
  2. Python
  3. JavaScript
  4. PHP
  5. Java

Keep in mind that learning is a sequential process. Gaining proficiency in these simpler languages will enable you to take on more challenging languages in the future.

Which language will continue to be in demand?

Every year, the need for particular web development languages shifts. It's essential to learn those ones that will be in demand in the coming years if you want to remain sought-after as a developer.

Here is a list of programming languages that are likely to be in demand, according to data from Google rankings:

  1. Java
  2. Python
  3. JavaScript
  4. C++
  5. C#
  6. PHP
  7. Perl

How maintainable is the language?

There should be access to an ecosystem of libraries and vendor support, regardless of the technology and language you select. Look at the most recent release of the language or technology stack. The application must be maintainable. You should ensure that what you choose will remain up-to-date for a considerable time.

When developing an application, you need to plan for long-term client engagement because you will eventually need to hand off the codebase to another team. Depending on the technology you'll be using, you'll need to recruit internal developers and pay the associated maintenance fees.

This maintenance expense will depend on the local development team's accessibility and competence. For instance, hiring JavaScript and Java engineers is more straightforward in the Midwest than for Ruby, Python, and React developers. The essential point is that when selecting a programming language for your project, you should consider the simplicity of maintenance and the long-term viability of your application.

What is the scalability and performance of the language?

Your application's performance is greatly influenced by the programming language you use. This is especially important when there is little room for scaling in the development environment. You must pick the appropriate programming language to get the most performance out of your application.

How many users can your program support and what will happen if that number grows in the future? Will your application's performance suffer from the increasing number of users? Will this increase cause your application to fail? Consider how scalable your application is. Is your program adaptable enough to take more add-ons without impairing its functionality?

How complex is the project?

The size and complexity of the application are factors that influence the programming language selection. Content management systems (CMS) like WordPress can be used for smaller and simpler applications like marketing websites or webforms and may only require minimum programming. On the contrary, complicated applications like e-commerce websites, enterprise apps, and applications based on upcoming technologies like IoT devices and AI may need Java or C#. You can become an expert at estimating complexity as a technical manager with various experiences.

Best programming languages for web development

The following are some of the most popular languages for web development.


logo of javascript.webp

JavaScript is a highly adaptable programming language. Once you've mastered it, the opportunities are near limitless. You can code on the client side with Angular and on the server side with Node.js. You can also use React, React Native, and Electron to create web, mobile, and desktop apps, as well as get involved in machine learning. Knowledge of JavaScript is required if you want to work as a front-end developer.


logo of python.webp

Python is a general-purpose, high-level programming language. It includes many powerful frameworks for developing web applications, such as Flask and Django. Both frameworks are extremely quick, secure, and scalable. Python-based solutions, on the other hand, provide even greater scalability due to machine learning and artificial intelligence capabilities.


logo of C#.webp

C# is a general-purpose programming language and is among the most widely used for creating websites. Microsoft's. NET Core is the most widely used C# platform as it offers a standard library and an efficient runtime environment.


logo of c++.webp

On the backend of a web application, C++ may be utilized for specific activities that call for high-performance processing. However, the most widely used languages for creating and delivering websites to consumers are typically higher-level ones like Python, Ruby, and JavaScript.


logo of php.webp

In its most basic form, PHP is a server-side scripting language that is integrated into HTML. It enables database interaction and dynamic content creation for web developers. It is renowned for being straightforward, quick, and flexible.


logo of perl.webp

Managing encrypted data, conducting online transactions and more are all possible with Perl. Additionally, it includes programs that make using databases simple. You can use Catalyst, a Perl-based Web framework, or the DBI package in Perl for easy web-database integration. Both of these tools make working with Perl effortless.


logo of Java.webp

Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language with the least amount of implementation dependencies. If you are interested in web development, Java is a great language to learn because it offers a robust, adaptable, and widely used set of tools.


logo of html.webp

HTML is one of the fundamental building blocks of web development since it allows developers to organize the content of a website. In essence, the code determines where each component of the website is located and how the user will see it. Even if you aren't interested in a career in web development, learning HTML is beneficial.


logo of css.webp

Web pages are styled and laid up using CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) which can be used to change the font, color, size, and spacing of text, divide it into numerous columns, or add animations and other decorative elements.

Why learn coding and web development?

Let's look at some advantages of learning web programming.

  • Variety of employment: When beginning a career as a web developer, you have the liberty of being able to apply for various positions. Additionally, you are not constrained to a particular business or field and can work anywhere in the world.

  • Earning potential: Web development is, first and foremost, a financially lucrative career. Professional developers are among the highest-paid workers worldwide. The demand for web developers is rising faster than the average for all professions, which is even better.

  • Cost-effective: Lastly, there is the expense of acquiring the necessary abilities. Or even the almost nonexistent cost. You don't need a degree or certification to work as a web developer. On a tight budget, you can effectively educate yourself in your required abilities.

Essential features of any coding language

Here, we cover some key characteristics of various programming languages:

  1. One of the salient features of any coding language is that it must be straightforward to understand. It should be simple to use or access and easy to read.

  2. High efficiency is another feature.

  3. To enable portability to different systems, many programming languages provide the best coding for interfaces.

  4. Languages should be able to express complicated structures.

  5. Every programming language has two terms: syntax and explanation.

Where to learn a programming language?

Once you decide which language is appropriate for web development, it’s time to identify the best resources available. Note that there are many options and only a few online coding courses that are worthwhile.

Consider the following essential factors when selecting a course:

  • First, take a free coding course to learn the fundamentals. Before investing in a course or book, ensure you enjoy using the language.

  • The best method to accelerate your learning is to create valuable initiatives.

  • See what other students are saying about the course materials and the instructor, for instance.

  • Use the correct kind of material to speed up your learning: select an online course if you enjoy watching video lectures. If you learn best by reading, pick up a book.

Which is the best programming language for web development in 2023?

Choosing just one web development language is difficult unless you know your requirements and criteria. You have a choice, though. Although HTML, CSS, JavaScript, Git, Node, and GatsbyJS are preferred by many, the final decision is up to you.

We’ve covered some of the methods to follow to choose the best programming language for web development. Note that each language has advantages and disadvantages. Experimentation is the best course of action using the suggestions provided in this article. Hopefully, this list has given you a firm foundation for choosing the ideal language that will work well for you.


  • Author

    Shivashish Yadav

    Shivashish is a skilled Technical Content Specialist and head of The Business Collateral Group in a Cybersecurity firm. He has worked with Symantec, InVideo, Teleport, and other companies.

Frequently Asked Questions

JavaScript, Python, and Java, followed by HTML/CSS can help web developers to get into high-paying jobs.

You do not need a math background, but you need motivation and a purpose for learning. Finding the right learning platform can help, but learning to code requires dedication. If you don't have a compelling reason to learn, it's very easy to convince yourself to stop.

According to the Stack Overflow survey 2022, JavaScript is the most commonly used programming language for the 10th year in a row. HTML/CSS, JavaScript, and Python are almost tied as the most popular languages for people learning to code because of high demand in the market.

HTML, CSS, and JavaScript combined with different libraries are commonly used by web developers.

According to the HackerRank Developer Skills Report, JavaScript, Python, and Java are becoming the first choice of recruiters looking to hire developers.

JavaScript is one of the best coding languages for web development. It can be used in both backend and frontend development. But before jumping into it, beginners should first learn HTML and CSS which will make it easier to understand.

View more FAQs


What's up with Turing? Get the latest news about us here.


Know more about remote work.
Checkout our blog here.


Have any questions?
We'd love to hear from you.

Hire remote developers

Tell us the skills you need and we'll find the best developer for you in days, not weeks.

Hire Developers