What Are the Top Object-Oriented Programming Languages to Learn

Last updated on February 20th, 2024 at 03:35 pm

Languages, frameworks, tools, and trends

What Are the Top Object-Oriented Programming Languages to Learn in 2023?

By July 31, 2022 4 min read

The software development world is ever-evolving, so programmers must constantly update their skills to stay relevant in the industry. Learning object-oriented programming languages (OOP) is a way to avoid being out of touch. Plus, object-oriented programming (OOP) is a widely used programming paradigm in the industry. 

Many programming languages come and go, but object-oriented programming remains stapled because it allows programmers to create self-contained code.

Additionally, OOP enables developers to model real-world objects like people, pets, or businesses in code, making software development and maintenance easier for developers.

Keep reading to understand the top object-oriented programming languages to learn in 2023.

What is object-oriented programming? 

Object-oriented programming is a software development technique that emphasizes the division of programs into discrete, self-contained objects. An object, in this case, is an independent construct like a data structure and an executable unit of code. An object could depict real-life things like people, cars, and buildings. On the flip side, it can represent more abstract things, such as operations or algorithms.

Developers use object-oriented programming to create software around groups of related data. This approach is more flexible than procedural programming, allowing a more dynamic structure and code organization.

Moreover, OOP enables programmers to write useful code in many different programs. And so, it’s not surprising that OOP  languages are widely used in modern software engineering.

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What are the building blocks of object-oriented programming?

  • Class

    In object-oriented programming, classes define the structure of a program or the relationships between objects. Classes can also specify the types of attributes and behaviors that an object should have. Classes enable programmers to reuse elements when multiple instances of a specific data type exist.
  • Object

    An object is a discrete entity representing a real-world concept or an abstraction. Also, an object is a collection of related data fields and functions to be treated as a whole. An object references other objects for interaction within the system. 
  • Method

    A method is a function or set of rules that act on an object. Methods are useful for grouping related tasks, making the code quicker to read and maintain. Also, methods enable an object to interact with other objects and receive input.
  • Attributes

    The members of each class are attributes. An attribute is a data-modifying descriptor that identifies the properties of an object. Developers can modify these attributes over time to change how an object behaves. For example, if you wish to change how an object moves, alter its acceleration attribute. 

Top object-oriented programming languages to learn in 2023 

  1. C#

    C# is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language. This language supports the creation of database applications, web and desktop apps, console programs, networked applications, and many more. 

    C# is an ideal choice for developers who want to build apps for multiple platforms. Programmers can compile C# code into native executables and dynamic assemblies that run on various platforms, including Windows, Linux, Mac OS X, iOS, and Android. 

    Plus, C# has rich built-in type inference features that allow developers to write more compact and precise code without worrying about explicitly declaring types in their programs.
  2. PHP

    PHP is an open-source, server-side scripting language popular for creating dynamic web pages. This programming language is popular among web developers due to its flexibility, relative ease of use, and extensive open source libraries. 

    PHP supports both procedural and object-oriented programming and has strong support for database connectivity. PHP also makes it easier for developers to test their applications locally before submitting them for live deployment.
  3. Java

    Java is a high-level object-oriented programming language, which is widely used for web development, enterprise applications, mobile app development, and distributed computing. 

    Java is also helpful for building standalone applications and connecting to other systems. Java is a cross-platform programming language that runs on multiple platforms, including Windows, Mac, iOS, and Android. 

    Furthermore, the Java programming language supports concurrency and threads, which makes it ideal for building multi-threaded applications.

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  4. Ruby

    Ruby is an object-oriented programming language developers use to build dynamic, web-based applications. This programming language supports multiple paradigms, including functional programming and object-oriented programming. 

    Ruby is ideal for writing back-end web applications because it has broad support for various technologies like RESTful APIs and web sockets. This programming language allows you to declare variables without specifying the data type. This feature makes learning easy for beginners, as they don’t have to worry about remembering complex rules for declaring how variables should function. 
  5. Python

    Python is a high-level, interactive, object-oriented programming language. Software developers frequently use this language alongside Elm, Haskell, Clojure, or Scala. Python allows developers to build complex applications that can integrate multiple parts of a system. 

    Python is also popular among data scientists and business intelligence analysts who need to work with large amounts of data. This language is a valuable asset in data science and analysis because it does not require compiling to execute a code. Python also makes it easier to scale your application because you do not have to worry about increasing the capacity of your application server.

So, which object-oriented programming language should you choose?

Before choosing an object-oriented programming language to learn in 2023, consider what you want to accomplish with that language. Do you want to create websites or desktop software? Are you planning to build a mobile application or AI system? Each of these development processes requires different skills. 

And so, consider your skill level before making a choice. If you are just beginning to learn how to code, you may want to start with a simple language.

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  1. Which language is best for object-oriented programming?
    Java is one of the best and most widely used programming languages for OOP. Java has a large community with lots of resources and libraries, so it is easy for beginners to learn.

  2. Is JavaScript object-oriented?
    JavaScript is not a class-based object-oriented language. Instead, it’s a prototype-based object-oriented programming language, meaning it doesn’t have classes. JavaScript interprets attributes using a constructor function.

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 5 Object-Oriented Programming Languages to Learn in 2023
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5 Object-Oriented Programming Languages to Learn in 2023
Do you want to expand your software development skill set? The top object-oriented programming languages to learn in 2023 include C#, PHP, Java, Ruby, and Python
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  • Finidi Lawson

    Finidi is a writer who takes pride in writing meaningful and engaging content. He has worked for brands across verticals like Auslogics Software, Revioly, etc.


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