For Developers

5 fastest-growing jobs
For Developers

Here Are the Five Fastest Growing IT Jobs in 2022

Are you looking for IT jobs that pay well, have good growth prospects, and have high satisfaction? Well, here are the 5 fastest-growing jobs in the IT industry.

In 2022, there will be over 23 million developers globally, and by 2023 the developer count will reach 27.7 million, making software development one of the highest-paid and fastest growing jobs in the IT industry. 

So, if you’re contemplating changing careers in the same domain or embarking on a new career path entirely, you’ve come to the right place. 

Here’s a list of the five fastest growing jobs to look out for in 2022. 

Let’s dive in. 

  1. Data scientist

    Data scientists are in high demand, with a 29 percent year-over-year growth and a 344 percent increase since 2013. As a result, data science offers one of the highest-paying and fastest growing jobs across most businesses and sectors.
    Data scientists use their technical and analytical skills to identify patterns, handle data, and draw valuable conclusions. They recognize the right solutions by combining theoretical and industry knowledge, contextual insights, and skepticism of established assumptions.
    Some of the data scientist skills include: 
    • Understanding of Machine Learning algorithms
    • Proficiency in creating data models
    • Good grasp of coding in popular programming languages, such as Python and R
    • Knows how to identify business issues and provide appropriate solutions
      Related post: Node.JS vs. Python: What Should You Choose?
  2. DevOps engineer

    Fastest growing jobs in IT

    DevOps Engineer

    According to a recent  DevOps Skills Report, today’s use of DevOps is 74 percent, with enterprise-wide adoption at 24 percent and project adoption at 42 percent.
    DevOps engineer was named one of the most-recruited roles on LinkedIn in 2018. In addition, 51 percent of the DevOps Skills Report respondents said they had recently employed or planned to hire DevOps engineers in 2022.
    DevOps engineers oversee the coding, scripting, and development processes. They are also in charge of the software development team involved in the deployment and network operations.
    Some of the DevOps engineer skills include:
    • Strong knowledge of popular programming languages, such as Python and R
    • Proficiency in coding and scripting  
    • Good grasp of tools, such as Git and Jenkins  
    • Mastery in Linux or UNIX system administration   
    • Strong communication and interpersonal skills Deep understanding of DevOps best practices
  3. Cloud architect

    According to a report published by Indeed, the number of cloud computing jobs per million increased by 42 percent from March 2018 to March 2021.
    Meanwhile, according to a CompTIA survey, 46 percent of IT professionals believe the skills gap in the IT industry is widening, with cloud infrastructure and cloud applications architects being among the most sought-after talents.
    A cloud architect creates cloud architecture and cloud strategy. They also coordinate,  implement, and deploy cloud services. Cloud architects ensure correct application architecture and execution on the cloud platforms.
    Some of the cloud architect skills include:   
    • Strong proficiency in popular programming languages such as Python, Ruby, and Elixir 
    • Good grasp of data storage fundamentals 
    • Hands-on experience with Route 53 (DNS), CloudFront (CDN), and Virtual Private Cloud (VPC)
    • Good understanding of cloud-specific patterns and technologies
  4. Full-stack developer

    According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, there will be 8.53 million open Full Stack Developer job positions by 2024, making it one of the fastest growing jobs in the coming years.
    A full-stack developer is in charge of developing and building APIs using MEAN stack technologies and is proficient in front-end and back-end programming.
    They ensure that the applications are responsive and meet the appropriate standards, and the programming code is clean and secure.
    Some of the full-stack developer skills include:   
    • Excellent understanding of popular programming languages such as MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS, and Node.js
    • Knowledge of how to design and develop an API
    • Mastery of coding and scripting Basic understanding of web development fundamentals
    • Good command over database technologies
      Related post: Five Popular Web Development Frameworks to Watch Out for in 2022
  5. Blockchain engineer

    Fastest growing jobs in the IT Industry

    Blockchain Engineer

    By 2023, projections indicate the global spending on blockchain solutions will exceed $15.9 billion, meaning that blockchain specialists would be in high demand across industries and geographies.
    A blockchain engineer develops and implements blockchain-based architecture and solutions.
    A blockchain engineer should have strong programming abilities and a complete understanding of the technologies, such as cloud computing, security protocol stacks, crypto libraries, functions, and consensus processes.
    Some of the blockchain engineer skills include:   
    • Strong proficiency in popular programming languages like C++, Java, Python, JavaScript, and C# 
    • Experience in working with codebases
    • Hands-on experience on open source projects
    • Good knowledge of algorithms and data structures

Why are these the fastest growing jobs of 2022?

These are the fastest growing jobs of 2022 in IT because they pay well, have good growth prospects, and have high job satisfaction scores. 

Additionally, IT professionals who helped organizations process and analyze data, digitize and innovate their products, and ensure businesses remain efficient, profitable, and secure during the pandemic saw the most significant salary increase.

The developer job market is evolving, and AI-driven jobs are growing everywhere. If you also wish to earn better than the market average as a software developer, visit and apply for the best jobs in 2022 in top US companies. You can pick from popular programming languages like React, Node, Python, Angular, Swift, React Native, Android, Java, Rails, Golang, DevOps, ML, Data Engineers, and more. Visit the Jobs page to know more! 

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Jan 24, 2022
software engineer skills
For Developers

Soft Skills Every Software Developer Needs

Along with core technical skills, learning these software engineer skills will help developers become more successful while working remotely.

In the past, companies primarily expected software engineer skills to include core technical competence like writing code, running tests, and developing intuitive software applications. While a solid grasp of programming languages will help you get a long way, there are several other skills needed for software engineers to succeed in the remote-first world.

As the IT industry has diversified, the required remote software engineer skills have broadened to include extensive soft skills. 

Organizations expect developers to converse with coworkers from different departments in this remote-first world. For example, developers regularly interact with design team members, project managers, and other company executives.

Along with the core technical skills, here are the top soft skills needed for software engineers:

Software engineer skills: Communication

Software engineer skills Communication

Skills needed for software engineers: Communication

The ability to communicate effectively is one of the most critical skills needed for software engineers or any professional in general. 

In today’s Zoom world, here are some things developers need to keep in mind to communicate effectively:

  • Even if you second-guess yourself, speaking clearly and with confidence is crucial. Learn to articulate your thoughts and verbalize them concisely. If you learn how to communicate with conviction, people will pay attention to what you say.
  • Effective communication is a two-way street. To be a good speaker, you need to be an attentive listener. Listening to your coworkers, customers, or potential clients will help you discover new perspectives, learn new things, and prioritize your tasks.
  • This point is more of basic etiquette. Don’t interrupt people when they’re making a point. Let them finish speaking before you verbalize your thoughts. If you’re on a video conference, you can take advantage of the chatbox to share your thoughts without disturbing or interrupting the speaker.


In simple terms, empathy is the ability to put yourself in others’ shoes. 

Understanding your coworkers and customers, belief systems, and personalities will benefit you greatly. 

As a remote software developer, you’ll be much more confident suggesting new ideas if you can predict how your audience is likely to react to what you have to say. Then, you can tailor how you present your suggestion according to your audience. 

Empathizing with your target users will help you better understand their points of view. Given that they will be using your product, this is one of the most critical skills needed for software engineers. 

Software engineer skills: Patience

As a software developer, you may have to attend customer or product meetings that don’t always comprise technical professionals. In this situation, you need to explain the reason behind your decisions in a non-technical manner. 

While some may grasp your points on the first go, others may need a little more clarification. Some may ask questions without understanding the scope of the topic. 

Without building the patience to walk them through your decisions, things can become frustrating very quickly. Though this is no easy feat, you need to be capable of explaining things better with future sessions. 

Open-mindedness, adaptability, and self-learning

Open-mindedness, adaptability, and self-learning are software engineer skills that help them stay relevant.

The IT industry is constantly changing. With the development of new tools and technologies every day, it’s difficult for a developer to thrive without a flexible and self-learning attitude. 

These software engineer skills give them a competitive edge over other developers.

Remote software developers need to be open to accepting new ideas. Even the weirdest ideas can spark inspiration for something great if you’re just willing to consider them instead of simply dismissing them.

Critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving

Critical thinking, creativity, and problem-solving software engineer skills could also fall comfortably into the hard skills category. 

Only remote software developers who are confident about their technical capabilities can respond to situations with agility and creativity. 

Critical thinking and problem-solving are crucial skills needed for software engineers in their everyday activities. 

From a broader perspective, software engineering is all about solving complex problems. While the scope and complexity of these problems can vary, the nature is the same. 

Therefore, good software developers need to be excellent critical thinkers. They should have the ability to solve complex problems and think outside the box to develop unorthodox approaches.

Software engineer skills: Accountability and consistency

As a remote software developer, it doesn’t matter how effectively you communicate, empathize, or how skilled you are at writing code — you are answerable to someone.

It could be your team lead, project manager, client, or even an investor. 

You need to report transparently and honestly to ensure your projects run smoothly. Proving yourself dependable and accountable builds rapport with key stakeholders and helps secure support to rectify problems, overlaps, or roadblocks. 

Software engineer skills: Management

Remote software developers need to be efficient while working in a team setting on a project with strict deadlines. These projects may not always require you to simply write code. 

Managing people and different projects are vital skills needed for software engineers. 

Another vital management skill is time management. Adhering to deadlines and providing the correct estimates means developers need to be conscious about their time on a specific project.

Software engineer skills: Teamwork and collaboration

Teamwork and Collaboration

Skills needed for software engineers: Teamwork and Collaboration

Teamwork is not just one of the most critical skills needed for software engineers; it’s crucial for any professional. 

Developers inherently need to be team players. Working on any project means you need to collaborate with UX developers, designers, project managers, and other key stakeholders.

However, being a part of a remote team comes with its challenges. Therefore, to be a good team player, patience, empathy, and effective communication are soft skills needed for software engineers. 


You may have realized that all the soft skills listed in this post complement one another. For example, being efficient in communication will help you collaborate effectively and be a better team player. The ability to empathize with coworkers will make you more open-minded and, again, a better team player.

These software engineer skills will help you become a well-rounded professional with solid potential to thrive in this remote-first environment.

If you are a software developer looking for remote job opportunities, Turing can help. You can work for US-based companies from the comfort of your home with unparalleled compensation and long-term career growth. 

Visit our Jobs page to know more!

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Jan 19, 2022
code complexity
For Developers

How to Simplify Code Complexity: Avoid These Complexity Pitfalls

Code complexity is a major concern for developers. This post shares six tips to help developers understand code complexity and simplify their code.

Every developer loves working on code that’s simple to read and understand. But obtaining this level of code simplicity isn’t always easy. Why? Code complexity is not evident to developers or the development team until it advances through levels.  

Developers spend a lot of time developing their code and spend even more maintaining it. In addition, since the project goals and functions vary over time, the codebase generally expands and evolves through the process. 

Whenever a developer examines the code in the later stages, they come across many lines of unnecessary code. By this time, the code has often become so complex that the developers cannot fix it.

This post shares six tips to help developers understand code complexity and simplify their code. Let’s get started.

Defining code complexity

what is code compexity

Code complexity

Code complexity is a term used to describe a set of features in your code. These features decide how your code interacts with other code. 

Code complexity could be essential or accidental. 

Essential complexity:

Essential complexity is almost reasonable. The developer adds code to an existing program for adding new features to make it user-friendly. And these changes lead to an unintentionally complex code.

Accidental complexity: 

Accidental code complexity is a common issue in software design and arises from a mismatch between UI design and user behavior. Accidental code complexity isn’t evident to the end-user. However, this does not mean a developer can ignore it. 

Unintentional code complexity can hinder the development of new features that must connect with existing designs. In addition, it reduces productivity as it requires considerable onboarding time for new software developers. 

What makes a code complex?

A complex code can make the codebase heavy to comprehend. To assess code complexity, developers can consider parameters like readability, ease of understanding and, keeping track of a system. 

When developers try to design the “ideal” system or mistakenly develop a complex architecture that is tough to refactor, they mostly waste their time. 

In some cases, code complexity is a result of inaccurate coding techniques. For instance, software developers like to keep up with the latest languages and toolsets. 

However, what’s good for your developer resume may not always be suitable for real-world coding! 

To put it simply – Prioritizing newer solutions over tried-and-tested approaches is not always a good idea from an architectural, engineering, or design standpoint.

The software development process becomes complicated by overly simplistic and stringent testing criteria. Developers must understand that unrestricted testing policies in code modifications can lead to development issues in later stages.

How to simplify code?

No code is easy to write when building a feature-rich application or software. 

And this is where code complexity comes into the equation. Therefore, a developer must be very cautious while writing a new code, testing, or upgrading one to avoid complexity. 

Here are a few pointers that can simplify the code and reduce code complexity. 

  1. Is decoupling necessary for your code?

    Decoupling code is a terrific way to give yourself more flexibility when you need it. However, every time you decouple your code, you add complexity to the equation.
    Decoupling makes large-scale refactoring hard to implement. This factor compels engineers to create designs that obscure the big picture due to highly fragmented architecture.
    Consider decoupling a compromise between the ease of a specific application and the broader system’s simplicity, and calculate if decoupling is necessary every time.
  2. Adopt minimalism

    Adopt minimalism

    Reduce code complexity: Adopt minimalism

    The more dependencies a project has, the more complicated a system becomes. And so, only introduce dependencies and side effects if you need them in the project.
    Libraries are dependencies that developers use to avoid coding. Despite this, libraries add to the complexity of your system by taking away your control.
    They might cause compatibility issues and slow down or even crash your computer.
    If possible, developers should replace libraries with a few basic lines of code to simplify the code. Ideally, leave them out.
    If that isn’t feasible, ensure that the libraries are very apparent in the code. 
  3. Work on code readability

    Instead of focusing on documentation, you should concentrate on code readability because code never lies. Developers should be aware that documentation and comments may be inaccurate, whereas code always reflects the system’s behavior.
    As a result, documentation cannot reliably substitute understandable code. Clean code also saves time when implementing changes, as it eliminates the need to provide additional documentation.
  4. Take a break from SOLID

    Uncle Bob’s SOLID object-oriented design concepts influence a lot of developers. First, however, it’s crucial to evaluate the circumstances in which he worked. Telecommunications and game development are worlds apart, with different limitations and concepts. SOLID isn’t awful, but it’s rarely applicable to modern programming and can add to code complexity in various ways.
  5. Identify abstractions

    You must recognize abstractions in your code before following the DRY principle. Doing this necessitates examples. It’s easier to develop code that doesn’t repeat itself by waiting until you have 3-4 copies of an element before removing the similarities. Similarly, don’t generalize your code in advance of future requirements. Instead, make adjustments to accommodate reasonable expectations and work with what you observe.
  6. Eliminate useless code

    Useless code can strike even the well-intentioned programs. Unwanted code infiltrates the system in little chunks. Common offenders include unnecessary classes, single-implementation interfaces, and design patterns that do not offer value. Hence, developers must go through their code and remove parts contributing to code complexity.


A software product’s success depends on its code, infrastructure, and architecture. 

Developers may get intimidated by the concept of code complexity, but things don’t have to be as tricky as they sound.

The size of your functions and procedures is almost all that matters when you have to manage program complexity. 

Limit your functions and methods to a minimum. If they’re getting too big, find a technique to break them up into smaller pieces.

Remember, code simplicity is fundamental to a well-written, clean code.

If you are a remote software developer looking for high-paying jobs, Turing is the right place for you. With Turing, you can work with top Silicon Valley tech companies from the comfort of your home and uplift your career. Visit our Jobs page to know more!

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Jan 18, 2022
Web-based Tools for testing codes
For Developers

Eleven Great Websites to Test your Code Online

The market has several web-based tools for testing to ensure your code generates the desired output. But which tool is the best for you? Keep reading to find out!

All developers and programmers have a local server, or an Integrated Development Environment (IDE) installed on their computers to test and execute programming codes. But what if you get a coding idea, and your computer isn’t nearby – What do you do then? Well, you find a web-based tool that can execute any code without downloading anything. Here is a list of 11 websites that offer the best tools for testing codes. 

Note: All of these tools require an internet connection. 

Let’s dive in. 

Tools for testing

Tools for testing codes

  1. Best tools for testing codes 1 – JS Bin

    JS Bin is a simple JavaScript debugging tool. Its key selling point is the ability to collaborate with other developers.
    The tool allows you to share a private link with developers and write and test code alongside them in real-time. Its user interface may seem a little strange at first, but it gets easier once you start working with the tool.
  2. jsFiddle

    Loved by many developers worldwide, jsFiddle is a popular tool for testing codes for programmers and by many developers around the world. Compared to other web tools, it has a very dynamic interface and even supports complicated functions.
    With jsFiddle, you can sign up for a free account and begin creating code right immediately, with no hassle. The website also provides a short URL that you can share with your friends on Twitter, Facebook, or other social media platforms.
  3. Best tools for testing codes 3 – CSSDesk

    CSSDesk has a similar layout to the other apps on our list, with source code on the left and the final render on the right. This software is ideal for building small web page models and testing lengthy CSS3 codes.
    CSSDesk program also allows you to save the source code to your computer or generate a short, shareable link that allows other developers to contribute to your code.
  4. WriteCodeOnline

    WriteCodeOnline has a beautiful UI that is lighter than other options. With WriteCodeOnline, users can test codes written in JavaScript, PHP, and more. The tool displays the output results just beneath the text box.
    As a result, when users hit execute code, the tool parses everything and shows the results. The website is not ideal for large files, but it’s an excellent way to put your fresh ideas to the test.
  5. Best tools for testing codes 5 – Tinkerbin

    Tinkerbin is a web application that allows you to experiment with HTML, JavaScript, and CSS without creating files or submitting them to a server. The application also supports CoffeeScript, Sass (with Compass), Less, HAML, and other languages. Its dashboard is pretty advanced and supports many of the same web design ideas that you’d expect to see in the future.
  6. IDEOne

    IDEone is an online compiler and debugger that allows users to compile and run code in over 40 programming languages, including Objective-C, Java, C#, VB.NET, SQL, and many others.
    You can also share this source code by storing it in a unique URL. However, the tool’s layout is packed with adverts and other material, making it impossible to use their website freely. Aside from that, it’s a fun website to play on.
  7. Best tools for testing codes 7 – Dabblet

    Dabblet is an interactive plasnippets for quickly testing CSS and HTML code. Dabblet uses a prefix-free template so that users don’t have to add any prefixes in their CSS code. With Dabblet, users can save their work in GitHub gists, embed it in other websites, and share it with other users/customers.
  8. CodeSandBox

    CodeSandBox is a web-based code editor and prototyping tool that makes creating and sharing web apps easy. It’s a javascript editor with a lot of bells and whistles.
    CodeSandBox supports all React.js, Vue.js, Svelte, and Node.js. NPM dependencies will be downloaded automatically by CodeSandbox. Another use for CodeSandBox is web-based terminal access.
    Related post: Why and When to Use Node JS: A Brief Guide
  9. Best tools for testing codes 9 – ESLint Demo

    You can use ESLint to create writing rules for your code. It’s an excellent option if you’re working on a team project and want to make sure that everyone writes code in the same style and follows the same guidelines.
    ESLint offers so many options for governing your code styles that picking one may be intimidating, especially if you’re just getting started with the tool.
  10. PHPStan

    PHPStan is a PHP code static analysis tool that checks for faults and potential flaws without running the code. For example, the tool will notify you if you send a string value to a method that accepts an integer or if you try to access a property on a class that doesn’t exist.
    Use the online editor on the PHPStan website to see how it works. You’ll be surprised to see how many existing PHP codes may be improved and fixed to eliminate potential issues.
  11. Best tools for testing codes 11 – OneCompiler

    OneCompiler is a free online compiler tool. It helps you write, run and share code online in more than 60 programming languages, including popular programming languages, such as Java, Python, MySQL, C, C++, NodeJS, Jshell & HTML. This tool is ideal for fast testing your code for a demo or running a short test.

Final thoughts

These tools for testing codes make it simple to work, run code online, and collaborate with other developers. But remember, though these tools can help you along the path to building your final product, they are not your actual, heavy-duty programming and testing tools. And thus, one should use these when they want to test their code’s capability on the go. 

Related post: The Basics of Web Application Penetration Testing

If you are a software developer well-versed in programming languages, it’s time to head to Turing for your dream engineering career powered by AI. With Turing, you can become one of the top 1% of 1M developers worldwide. Visit the Jobs page to learn more! 

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Jan 17, 2022
5 Women in Tech
For Developers

Five Women Who Are Inspiring Next-Gen Software Developers

Here’s a list of some of the industry’s top women in tech executives, entrepreneurs, influencers, and CEOs who are driving the world forward.

According to a recent survey, women make up only around 25 percent of the computing workforce in the United States, and they often earn less than their male counterparts. In this post, we’ve compiled a list of some of the industry’s top women developers, tech executives, entrepreneurs, influencers, and CEOs in honor of the rapidly growing and mighty tribe of women that are driving the industry forward. These women in tech are a group of inventors and entrepreneurs that power some of the world’s top IT firms and most promising startups, paving the way for the future we want. 

Although many women tech leaders are doing a phenomenal job, this list includes women based on their current following and sphere of influence. Please note that this list is not exhaustive in any way.

Let’s dive in. 

  1. Elizabeth Churchill, Director of User Experience at Google

    5 women in tech

    Elizabeth F. Churchill | Source

    Elizabeth Churchill earned a Bachelor of Science in Research and Experimental Psychology and a Master of Science in Knowledge-based Systems from Sussex University. Later, she graduated from the University of Cambridge with a Ph.D.
    Churchill relocated to Palo Alto, California, to work at FX Palo Alto Laboratory, later becoming the Palo Alto Research Center. She then went on to work for Yahoo, eBay, and Google, among other major tech giants.
    She is currently the director of Google’s user experience team. In this capacity, Churchill researches computer science, psychology, design, analytics, and ethnography to improve user experience.
    Churchill is also the vice president of the Association of Computing Machinery. In her career, she has garnered over 50 granted or pending patents and over 100 published articles in various domains of psychology and computing.
    Related Post: Want To Become a Great Engineering Manager? Here’s How Googlers Do It!
  2. Fei-Fei Li, co-director of Stanford’s Human-Centered AI Institute

    5 women in tech

    Fei-Fei Li | Source

    Fei-Fei Li was born in Beijing, China, and moved to the United States when she was 16 years old. She earned a Bachelor of Arts in physics from Princeton and a Ph.D. in computer science from the California Institute of Technology.
    Li taught engineering and computer science courses at the University of Illinois and Princeton. She then joined the Stanford faculty in 2009, where she is presently a full-time professor. From 2014 until 2018, Li was the director of Stanford’s AI Lab. She is currently the co-director of Stanford University’s Human-Centered AI Institute.
    Li’s research focuses on cognitive and computational neuroscience and machine learning to increase AI’s capacity to recognize images. She took a break from Stanford from January 2017 to September 2018, during which she served as the vice president at Google and head scientist of AI and ML at Google Cloud.
    In 2017, Li co-founded AI4ALL with Olga Russakovsky, a Ph.D. student. AI4ALL is a nonprofit dedicated to improving diversity in the AI field by recruiting, mentoring, and training students from historically underprivileged areas.
    Professionals from Stanford, Carnegie Mellon, Black Girls Code, and Girls Who Code have collaborated with AI4ALL, which now has summer programs in 16 sites around the United States.
  3. Bria Sullivan, an entrepreneur, game developer, and former software engineer at Google

    5 women in tech

    Bria Sullivan | Source

    Sullivan is the CEO, and founder of Tech Stack’d an organization dedicated to advancing the careers of minority software engineers and non-technical entrepreneurs through seminars, courses, and a supportive network.
    Sullivan created Tech Stack’d while working full-time at Google as a software engineer. She is also the CTO and creator of Honey B Games, a mobile game company specializing in Boba Fett-inspired games (or Bubble Tea).
    Related Post: How Should Engineering Leaders Scale Teams in a Post-Pandemic World? Experts from Google, Facebook, Uber, Postmates Explain
  4. Valerie Phoenix, senior software engineer and the founder of Tech by Choice

    5 women in tech

    Valerie Phoenix | Source

    Valerie Phoenix was born and brought up in California and attended California State University, Northridge, where she studied psychology and art. Early in her career, she made a living performing data entry and customer service at Estify, a small Los Angeles-based firm.
    Phoenix eventually founded Tech By Choice, which has grown steadily since its inception. Tech by Choice is a nonprofit organization focused on increasing diversity in the Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) industries through low-cost or no-cost skill-building events and virtual gatherings.
  5. Hadiyah Mujhid, founder and CEO of HBCUvc

    5 women in tech

    Hadiyah Mujhid | Source

    Mujhid graduated from Drexel University with a master’s degree in business administration and a bachelor’s degree in computer science from the University of Maryland Eastern Shore, a historically black university.
    Mujhid was named one of Essence magazine’s 100 Most Woke Women of 2018 and a 2018 SOCAP Scholar. She later founded HBCUvc; a nonprofit organization focused on racial fairness in venture capital and technology.
    HBCUvc teaches venture capital to students from historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) and Hispanic-Serving Institutions (HSIs) and provides funding, mentorship, culturally affirming curriculum, and paid internships at tech and venture capital firms.
    She has previously written software that sent satellites into space, bootstrapped numerous firms, and founded a nonprofit for black technology entrepreneurs with a global community of 10,000 members. Major media firms like Forbes, Blavity, TechCrunch, Business Insider, Black Enterprise, and Handelsblatt have praised Hadiya’s work.

More power to women in tech 

We chose each of these female powerhouses after scouring the biggest IT businesses, academic institutions, and nonprofits for their contributions to IT, AI, VR, cybersecurity, and other fields, along with their efforts to make tech inclusive for women. 

Above all, these incredibly gifted and inspiring leaders inspire us to believe in a brighter future.

Apart from these five inspiring leaders, several other women are doing a great job and paving the way for the next generation in the world of tech. 

If you know any other inspiring female leaders, please add your nominations to this list in the comment section below.

If you are a developer looking for an organization with diverse culture and ample growth opportunities, visit Turing is a Palo Alto-based ‘deep’ jobs platform that allows talented software developers to work with top US firms from the comfort of their homes. 

With Turing, you can join a network of the world’s best developers & get full-time, long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Jan 17, 2022
Django vs Flask
For Developers

Django vs. Flask: Which Framework to Choose?

Both are Python-based, free, open-source frameworks. But who takes the lead in this Django vs Flask battle? Keep reading to find out!

Django vs Flask, which of these two Python frameworks is better for web development? Many Python-based web frameworks make it easy for developers to create scalable apps quickly. These frameworks can handle everything from simple to complicated websites. 

Django vs Flask is a popular debate topic because both languages are similar in many ways. 

In this post, we’ve provided an overview of Django vs. Flask to help you understand the applications of each.

Let’s dive in. 

Django vs Flask: What is Django?

Django is a web framework for rapidly developing applications. Two programmers at the Lawrence Journal-World newspaper, Adrian Holovaty, and Simon Willison, built Django in 2003 when they grew tired of PHP and moved to Python. 

Named after the musician Django Rheinhart, the duo created Django to make Python more scalable in the long run. Initially, Django was intended to be only a Content Management System (CMS). 

Django uses the model-template-views (MTV) architectural paradigm, a software design that separates the business logic from the user interface (UI). The model is in charge of the data, whereas the template is in charge of the user interface. The view carries data and renders the template by executing the logic and collaborating with the model. 

Django promotes component reusability and pluggability, less code, low coupling, rapid development, and the idea of “Don’t Repeat Yourself” (DRY).

When should you use Django?

Django allows users to construct web applications quickly. As a result, users can speed up complicated web development using Django. Django was even named one of the top 10 frameworks for web app development in the Stack Overflow 2020 Developer Survey. 

Python is a full-stack framework that can be used on both the backend and the frontend. However, Django allows developers to create user interfaces and work on back-end processes such as server-side scripting, database querying, and API development.

Which companies use Django?

Here’s a list of a few companies that prefer Django over Flask: 

  1. Instagram
    Django was one of the only technologies that could boost Instagram’s efficiency when the app wanted to scale exponentially. 
  2. National Geographic
    With their custom-built CMS, NG uses Django to handle their website. The CMS manages the website’s pictures, ads, modules, and other elements. 
  3. Pinterest
    Django empowers Pinterest to run at a high degree of performance while also scaling as needed.

Django vs Flask: What Is Flask?

Flask is a Python-based microweb framework. It is called a microframework because it does not necessitate using any specific tools or libraries. For example, it doesn’t have a database abstraction layer or other components that rely on third-party libraries to finish tasks.

Armin Ronacher, who led a team of international Python enthusiasts called Poocco, developed Flask., the first version of Flask, was created as an April Fool’s joke. It was a single file that didn’t require any installation or configuration. The project’s popularity demonstrated that a framework with few-to-no dependencies could be useful, and as a result, Flask was born.

When should you use Flask?

Flask is a back-end web development framework used to create server-side apps. Flask’s most compelling feature is its ability to build apps from the ground up. In addition, Flask provides reduced development time and faster run times.

Which companies use Flask?

Here’s a list of a few companies that prefer Flask over Django: 

  1. Netflix
    Netflix is a video-on-demand service that relies on Flask APIs for a lot of its more analytical and infrastructure work.
    Related Post: Netflix, GitHub, and Use These Metrics for Continuous Improvement
  2. Reddit
    Reddit hosts thousands of communities allowing online strangers to connect and converse. Reddit uses Flask extensively to manage its micro pages.
  3. Lyft
    Lyft uses Flask to implement its microservices architecture. Lyft’s microservices architecture consists of small services working together to produce a more complicated app.

Django vs Flask: Head-to-head comparison

While Django is a full-featured framework that takes care of a lot of the heavy lifting for its users, Flask gives complete control on a smaller scale. 

Django vs. Flask: Here’s a quick rundown of the significant differences between the two.

Django vs. Flask: Comparison 





The most common features that speed up development are already available to developers.

Developers can investigate the application’s core while maintaining control.


Django comes with a customizable admin framework that is ready to use. 

Flask does not have such a tool for handling administrative tasks. 


It has a built-in template engine that saves time during development. 

Flask uses a jinja2 template engine, which uses more time than Django’s engine. 


It allows users to break down a single project into numerous smaller apps, making them easier to develop and maintain. 

Each project can be a single application with numerous models and views, while the single application can have many models and views. 


Developers may use any database and execute standard DB functions without writing extensive queries, thanks to the built-in ORM technology. 

Developers working with Flask must use ORM systems for Python and SQLAlchemy as the SQL tools to work with various databases. For common jobs, SQL queries must be written.

Load capacity

Django is a framework that can be used in production (Heavy load tasks) 

Flask is single-threaded and may not perform well under heavy load. 


Django is more popular since it comes with a lot of functionality out of the box and speeds up the development of complex applications. 

Flask is a good option if you are starting with web development. Many websites built on Flask see heavy traffic, but not as much as those on Django.


Django is not ideal for projects with changing requirements. 

With Flask, a simple application can be changed later to add more functionality and make it complex. It provides flexibility to expand the application quickly.

Project size

Django is best suited for larger projects with a lot of features. But this language may be overkill for simpler applications. 

Simple applications can be built with ease and do not require too much coding. 


Django requires more than twice as many lines of code as Flask for the same functionality.

Flask application requires significantly fewer lines of code.

Related post: React vs. Angular: Which JS Framework Should You Choose?


Although Django and Flask share many similarities, selecting the correct framework depends on whether you want to work on something simple or complex. But in general, Django outperforms Flask in several areas.

Wish to join top US companies as Django or Flask programmers? Visit You can join the top 1% of 1 million+ software developers and engineers by applying to Turing. 

Join a network of the world’s best software engineers and developers & get full-time, long-term remote software jobs with amazing compensation and fantastic career growth. 

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By Jan 13, 2022
Best Front-End Frameworks
For Developers

The Fifteen Best Front-End Frameworks for 2022

In this post, we’ve listed front-end frameworks that remote software developers can use that easily link with other front-end technologies.

Front-end frameworks are instrumental in creating applications with a rich user experience. Front-end developers utilize HTML for basic web layout, CSS for visual formatting, and JavaScript for user interaction, transforming the data into a graphical interface. 

Front-end frameworks seamlessly integrate pre-written code and interface blocks to create sustainable UI and web applications. By offering various in-built features and drop-drag elements, front-end technologies help accelerate web development and build attractive websites and applications. 

Here is a list of the 15 best front-end frameworks to look out for in 2022 :

    1. React

      Facebook’s React is one of the most popular front-end technologies. React is an open-source JavaScript library that allows developers to easily build UI and UI components.
      React operates on a virtual document object model (DOM) and uses a modern view controller architecture that separates data access and presentation layers. And thus, it offers enhanced user experience and strong developer support.
      React is ideal for single-page applications as it efficiently manages high traffic, ensures steady code supply, allows quick updates, and has recyclable components.
    2. Angular

      Yet another popular front-end framework is Angular. Angular simplifies front-end development by helping developers create an easy-to-access, expressive, and readable environment. And thus, it is ideal for building large-scale, enterprise-level applications.
      Angular offers two-way data binding that ensures immediate synchronization between the view and the model. And thus, any change in the view is reflected in the model, and any change in the model is reflected in the view.
      Angular uses a higher dependency injection function which helps define code dependencies as external elements making them easy to test, reuse and control. As a result, companies like Forbes, LEGO, BMW use Angular over other front-end frameworks in their projects.
    3. Vue.js

      vuejs front-end technologies

      Vuejs front-end frameworks

      Vue.js is one of the best front-end frameworks for real-time updates. The key features of the framework include virtual DOM, two-way binding, component-based architecture, high-performance speed, and data tracking.
      Vue.js facilitates easy use of tools like end-to-end testing, JavaScript libraries, server render, project scaffolding, instant prototyping, and plugin installations. Also,Vue.js comes with detailed documentation and a supportive community. And thus, developers with knowledge of HTML and JavaScript can easily use Vue.js.
    4. jQuery

      On top of the list of front-end frameworks for companies like Microsoft, Twitter and Uber are jQuery. jQuery is open source, compatible with most web browsers, and offers a flexible DOM model for adding and removing components. And thus, jQuery’s UI is ideal for creating highly interactive web applications.
      jQuery, one of the best front-end frameworks for web applications, has a “write less do more approach.” It offers a range of methods in a single line of code which otherwise would require separate coding. The framework simplifies HTML document traversal, AJAX calls, animation, and event handling.
    5. Ember.js

      Ember.js is yet another favorite among developers looking for front-end technologies.  Ember.js offers quick server-side rendering, two-way data binding, and native debugging, routing, and testing tools. Also, it supports both JavaScript and TypeScript.
      Ember.js is highly scalable and offers a wide range of templates that reduce coding. And thus, it is ideal for client-side and mobile applications. Tinder, Netflix, Playstation Now, and Yahoo! use Ember.js.
    6. Backbone.js

      One unique front-end framework is Backbone.js. This framework operates on the MVC/MVP model, translating DOM manipulation into views and data into models and binding them together via events. Any changes in the model are easy to transfer to views. And thus, it is easier to create, eliminate, validate and save data to the server.
      Backbone.js is one of the few front-end technologies that offer better application design with less code. As a result, companies like Tumbler, Reddit, Pinterest, and Trello use Backbone.js.
    7. Semantic UI

      Semantic UI is relatively young compared to the other front-end frameworks on this list. It classifies classes and words as interchangeable concepts facilitating the adoption of languages with organic noun/modifier relationships. And thus, Semantic UI helps developers build projects in a more human manner.
      Semantic UI offers CSS, JavaScript, font files, an intuitive inheritance system, and configuring themes to create transferable code. And hence, this code is safe to transfer to other front-end technologies like React, Angular, Meteor, Ember. Companies including Snapchat, Accenture, and Kmong use Semantic UI.
    8. Svelte

      Svelte front-end technologies

      Svelte front-end frameworks

      Compared to other front-end frameworks like React and Angular, Svelte is quicker, lightweight, and facilitates easy use of JavaScript libraries. Also, it has no Virtual DOM as it uses component-based architecture with minimum code.
      Svelte is highly scalable and offers improved reactivity, boiler-plate-free coding, and SEO optimization. And thus, it is best for small applications and projects. Companies like Razorpay, Rakuten, and GoDaddy use Svelte.
    9. Foundation

      Next on the list of our popular front-end frameworks is Foundation, a tool that helps create stunning websites. Foundation offers a design-it-yourself approach, strong grid system, rapid code development, and various customization options.
      Compared to other front-end technologies, Foundation has a small memory footprint and provides an advanced interface. And thus, it is compatible with different browsers and multiple handheld devices. Companies such as Docker, WeWork, and Accenture use Foundation.
    10. Bootstrap

      Former Twitter employees launched Bootstrap to keep all the components of their website together and consistent. Bootstrap offers a wide variety of themes, grid systems, simple form creation, and massive community support. For these reasons, Walmart, NBA, Newsweek, and Vogue prefer Bootstrap over other front-end frameworks.
    11. Preact

      Like other front-end frameworks, Preact is suitable for developing both website and mobile applications. Preact offers a faster Virtual DOM library, quicker code execution, and maximum performance. And thus, it is lighter than front-end technologies like React and Angular.
    12. Meteor

      Meteor is one of the few front-end frameworks that offers everything developers need to create sound applications. Everything in meteor, be it on the client or server-side, is written in JavaScript. And thus, the framework simplifies development for both front-end and back-end.
      Meteor provides ready-made smart packages, real-time web development, same APIs across client and server, and latency handling. And hence, it is suited for cross-platform coding for iOS, Android, and the web.
    13. Mithril JS

      Mithril is lite and has no dependencies on other libraries. Mithril offers exceptional XHR and routing utilities, virtual DOM, and high-level modeling via functional composition. And thus, it is effective in generating forms and service requests without making huge internet downloads.
    14. Alpine.js

      Next on the list of front-end frameworks is Alpine.js, which is small and lightweight. Alpine is a collection of six properties, two methods, and fifteen attributes. And thus, it helps developers focus solely on development without worrying about configuration.
      Also, Alpine.js allows developers to write JavaScript inline in their HTML that becomes declarative code in opposition to more common procedural code. And hence, it helps harness other front-end technologies like Vue, React, and Angular at less cost.
    15. Ruby on Rails

      Ruby on Rails front-end frameworks

      Ruby on Rails front-end technologies

      Ruby on rails offers model-view-controller architecture, providing a default structure for web pages, databases, and services. However, with Ruby, developers have to follow conventional programming rules and standardized file storage compared to other front-end frameworks.
      Additionally, the framework offers built-in testing, easy to structure code, stuff migration, and metaprogramming. And thus, it is faster and safer than other front-end technologies. 

So, which of the above front-end frameworks should you choose?

Front-end frameworks are integral to the development of both websites and mobile applications. Every end product reflects the front-end framework used for its development. Therefore, it’s crucial software developers consider all these factors along with the timeframe and resources at their disposal while picking a framework for their project. 

Despite the raging popularity of front-end frameworks, many front-end developers find it hard to get the desired job role due to strong competition.

Turing offers software developers long-term, remote jobs in top US companies with unmatched compensation and incomparable career growth. With Turing, you can build your dream engineering career. Visit our Jobs page to know more! 

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By Jan 12, 2022
Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers
For Developers

Six Popular JavaScript Frameworks to Choose from in 2022

This post lists the best JavaScript frameworks to help you make the best choice for your project. Read more to find out which frameworks made it to the list!

JavaScript frameworks enable both front-end and back-end web development. Using JS frameworks, developers can easily create JavaScript applications without building applications from scratch.

Simply put, JavaScript frameworks involve a group of code libraries that offer pre-written code for routine programming tasks. Using JavaScript, developers can use pre-written templates for specific tasks. 

Is there a difference between the JavaScript library and the JavaScript frameworks?

Indeed, there is a fine distinction between JavaScript library and framework, with the former being a part of the latter. JavaScript libraries contain pre-written code snippets to perform specific functions, while JavaScript frameworks offer a complete structure to build a project. 

In other words, frameworks act as blueprints to build a house, while libraries are like pieces of furniture that add style to the house. 

This post lists the most popular JavaScript frameworks to help you make the best choice for your next project.

  1. React

    Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers


    React is a JavaScript Library that needs other React-specific libraries to function as a framework. React is open-source and a relatively easy to learn JavaScript library, but developers must know third-party react libraries to design web and mobile applications.
    React contains reusable components, aka blocks of code, that fall under either functions or classes. These components represent different items like an input box, a button, or a logo.
    And thus, developers can use other features as per their choice to create the best design. Currently, several companies like Paypal, Netflix, and Airbnb use React.
  2. Angular

    Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers


    Among the various JavaScript frameworks, Angular comes with Google’s reliable support. In addition, most Google app developers prefer Angular for its JavaScript user interface.
    Angular has a component-based structure allowing developers to use, nest, and reuse components. Once developers finish their task, the ahead-of-time compiler transforms the written code into clean JavaScript.
    To write an application on Angular, developers need TypeScript. Typescript offers a range of features like static typing and classes, generics, access modifiers, enums, and hybrid types, among others.
    And hence, developers can create projects on any OS and host. Thus, it is ideal for both desktop and mobile applications.
  3. Vue.Js

    Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers


    While Angular remains popular for complex tasks, developers prefer Vue.js among all JavaScript frameworks for simpler development tasks. Vue.js is one of the lightest frameworks and is extremely easy to install.
    Vue.js uses extensions such as JavaScript library and other tools to offer higher flexibility. And thus, it is relatively easy to use Vue.js as all developers need is knowledge of JavaScript and HTML.
    The graphic user face that Vue.js offers provides a better user experience, making it ideal for single-page applications.
    Other excellent tools like interactive project scaffolding tools, presets, plugins, and instant prototyping make Vue.js a popular choice among JavaScript frameworks.
  4. Ember

    Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers


    Next on the list of popular JavaScript frameworks is Ember. Ember utilizes a backward-compatible JavaScript User Interface.
    Organizations like Yahoo and LinkedIn use Ember to create simple web designs efficiently.
    Ember allows developers to choose from a range of powerful extensions and is highly scalable.
    Stability and convention were the underlying principles that led to Ember’s creation. Thus, all users receive deprecation warnings when a new update comes.
    Similar to Ruby on rails, the main features of Ember come inbuilt, and so, existing code is easy to transfer in case of any update.
  5. Meteor

    Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers


    Meteor belongs to the category of JavaScript frameworks that are fast and smooth. Meteor offers full-stack solutions to developers who can build applications for all leading platforms, including iOS and Android.
    Meteor offers the fastest way to build JavaScript applications with innovative packages and code lines. And hence, a JavaScript library becomes easy to add as an additional feature.
  6. Aurelia

    Best JavaScript Frameworks for Software Developers


    Developers prefer Aurelia over other JavaScript frameworks for its rendering speed and high performance.
    Additionally, Aurelia uses a lesser number of resources compared to other JavaScript frameworks. And thus, Aurelia can easily integrate with a Javascript library such as React or Bootstrap.
    Aurelia consists of function-related modules like plugins, dependency injections, routing, testing components, etc. And hence, Aurelia can build both web and mobile applications.  

Which JavaScript framework do you use the most?

Wrapping up: Which among the above JavaScript frameworks should you choose?

Every developer wants a framework that suits their coding style. Out of all the available options, JavaScript frameworks are the most popular among developers owing to their impressive range of features. 

Despite having vast experience with JavaScript,  many developers find it hard to get the desired job due to intense competition. 

Turing offers software developers long-term, remote jobs in top US companies with unmatched compensation and incomparable career growth. First, take the Turing test to determine your skill level. Then, visit our Jobs page to know more!

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Jan 5, 2022
best linkedin practices
For Developers

Five Best LinkedIn Practices for Software Developers

This post shares the five best LinkedIn practices to help remote software engineers make the best of the platform and land their dream jobs.

Almost every software developer is familiar with platforms like Hackernews, Reddit, and for tech-related activities. However, a platform that software developers often underestimate is LinkedIn. Linkedin is an excellent tool for developers to connect with colleagues, get engineering updates, and find the latest job opportunities. If you’re a software developer, building your profile using the best LinkedIn practices will help you reap various professional benefits exclusive to the platform. 

Here are the five best LinkedIn practices that you can use to be visible to top recruiters and rank higher on the platform.

  1. Best LinkedIn practices: Add a good profile picture

    Although recruiters take a long look at your work history and educational qualifications, most of them only do so if they find your profile picture appealing. Handheld selfies and group pictures are a big no for software developers as they can make you look too casual or insincere.
    Picking the right profile picture is not hard.
    You just need a picture with your face visible and lips parting into a smile. Brownie points if you have a picture at your work desk or a work-related event!
  2. Best LinkedIn practices: Choose the right keywords

    Best linkedin practices

    Best Linkedin Practices: Choose the right keywords

    LinkedIn has an algorithm that makes your profile visible to recruiters when they search for candidates using keywords. As a result, most recruiters run a thorough search on the platform to source top talent.
    And hence, to land your desired job, it’s essential to use keywords related to the programming languages you are adept in as a software developer. You can also mention if you are looking for remote work or work from the office on your profile.
    In addition to this, software developers must also remove irrelevant keywords from their profiles. Remember, keeping your LinkedIn profile updated goes a long way in getting you top job opportunities throughout your career. 
  3. Best LinkedIn practices: Highlight your work

    Another best practice to follow is being transparent about your work history. For example, ensure that you include links to the best work projects that your clients and employers loved. But that’s not all you should be sharing!
    Recruiters skim through hundreds of profiles while looking for the ideal candidate. Thus, they often cannot understand the minor differences that set one project apart from another.
    As a result, it’s advisable to highlight projects showcasing skills that give you an edge over your competitors.
    Software developers proficient in a single skill and decent knowledge of other skills are always better placed for a
    job interview. Recruiters see such developers as multi-talented professionals who can help the company beyond their job role.
    So ensure that you outline your strengths as clearly as possible. 
  4. Best LinkedIn practices: Define the headline and the ‘about’ section

    Recruiters come across many profiles with ambiguous headlines. Simply writing– software engineer or developer in your LinkedIn profile won’t get you your dream job. Instead, describe the type of software development you do by elaborating on the technical skills.
    For example: if you are a front-end developer who knows only node, write
    front-end node.js developer or front-end react/node developer if you know both skills.
    The ‘about’ section of your profile must contain a summary of your work experience. Be sure to mention the number of years you have used your primary programming skills, along with the frameworks you dabbled in to spruce up your profile.
    Here’s an example:
    I am a front-end developer with six years of experience in User Interface Development and Web Designing. I am highly skilled with Reactjs and Nodejs, but I also have experience in JavaScript (2 years), Vuejs (1 year), and jQuery (1 year). I also know Photoshop, WordPress, GIT, and Dreamweaver.
  5. Last but not the least, take skill assessments and get recommendations

    best linkedin practices

    Best Linkedin Practices: Take skill assessments

    According to recruiters, one of the best LinkedIn practices is to take the skill assessments available on the platform. Upon completing a skill test, the LinkedIn algorithm increases the chances of getting hired for a job by 20 percent.
    If you’re a junior software developer, you should definitely test your primary and secondary skills on the platform.
    Similarly, recommendations from previous colleagues and managers go a long way in getting hired. Recruiters will always favor software developers who possess the desired skill set and seamlessly integrate into the company culture.
    And thus, candidates with recommendations highlighting their soft skills have the upper hand over the rest.

So, why should you follow these practices? 

By implementing the above-mentioned best LinkedIn practices, software developers can bring more visibility to their profiles. Recruiters are likely to approach them with good work opportunities with the proper visibility.

To sum up, stay as active as possible on LinkedIn and share posts relevant to your work to make the most of the platform.

If you are a remote software engineer or developer looking for job opportunities, Turing can help. Work for Top US companies from the comfort of your home with unparalleled compensation and long-term career growth. Visit our Jobs page to know more!

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By Dec 16, 2021
For Developers

Rust Is the Most Loved Language, Beats Python and TypeScript

Rust has been the most loved language in the developer community since 2015. What makes it so popular? What makes it stand out against the big names?

It’s tough to make developers choose a new programming language over the one they are using. While many languages failed to impress the coding ninjas, Rust has managed to win the hearts of innumerable developers across the world.

According to a survey conducted by Stack Overflow, Rust was voted for the top position by developers for four consecutive years. But what makes this programming language so appealing that developers repeatedly choose it over the other mainstream languages? 

Let’s find out. 

What is Rust, and why should you use it?

Mozilla Research introduced the programming language Rust in 2010 as a reliable alternative to the C++ language. 

Rust is a general-purpose language that can be classified into multiple paradigms, thanks to the host of features it offers. It is highly reliable, productive, and safe to use. It is somewhat similar to C++. However, Rust can guarantee memory safety by utilizing a borrow checker to validate references. 

Rust can achieve memory safety without garbage collection and has optional reference counting. In addition, the language offers advanced features such as functional programming and mechanisms for low-level memory management. 

Let’s take a look at some more features that make Rust stand out:

  1. Rust offers excellent documentation.
  2. It comes with a highly user-friendly compiler with top-notch tools such as integrated package managers and multi-editor. 
  3. Rust can efficiently resolve memory errors and concurrent programs that languages like C and C++ cannot.
  4. It is super fast and is safe by default. 

So, what makes Rust stand out against the big players?

Rust was built after taking into consideration the problems found in different languages. Furthermore, Rust is an open-source project enabling various developers to optimize the language. 

Rust boasts of an ever-growing community with prompt online support. The language has a single tool called Cargo that compiles codes, conducts tests, generates documentation, uploads a package to the repository, and a lot more. 

Rust is one of the best programming languages to develop web and cross-platform applications. 

Let’s take a look at some stats now!

According to a survey by Stackflow, Rust has been the most loved language by the developer community since 2015.

Rust is the most popular language

Rust is the most loved language by the developer community since 2015

According to The News Stack survey,  the developers who work on the Rust language earned the fourth-highest salary beating the likes of Python and TypeScript.


Rust earns 4th spot on the list

In the same year, Rust came second, only after Python, in TIOBE’s index of the top 20 most programming languages.


Rust earned the 2nd spot on TIOBE’s index

What are the real-world use cases?

  1. AWS or Amazon Web Services used Rust to write the entire code for Firecracker. The language also powers AWS’ Lambda and Fargate.
  2. Amazon, Google, Intel, and Red Hat have started a joint project called ‘rust-vmm’ to share packages with the community. 
  3. Microsoft has been using Rust over Go in projects like WebAssembly and to rewrite low-level components of Windows.
  4. Dropbox, Discord, Cloudfare, Figma, Coursera, etc., have been using Rust in production.

Conclusion: What’s the future of Rust?

Several companies around the globe use Rust for its unique features. 

Rust offers fast performance with no runtime or garbage collector, enabling it to power performance-critical services and easily integrate with other languages. 

It also comes with excellent documentation, a user-friendly compiler with error messages, and top-notch tools such as an integrated package manager.  

Simply put, the language enables companies to build reliable and efficient software. So, it appears that Rust will continue to be loved by the developer community and grow in the coming years. 

If you are a software developer well-versed in Rust, it’s time to head to Turing for your dream engineering career powered by AI. Our mission is to unleash the world’s untapped potential, and you can become one of the top 1% of 1M developers around the world. 

Which of the following coding languages will you prefer for your next project?

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By Dec 13, 2021
NodeJS Framework
For Developers

Why and When to Use Node JS: A Brief Guide

This post dives into the basics of the Node JS Framework, its key characteristics, and use cases to help software developers understand it better.

Node JS framework shines in real-time web applications that use WebSockets for push technologies. 

How is that revolutionary?

Well, with Node JS, we now have web applications with real-time, two-way connections, where both the client and server can initiate communication, allowing them to exchange data freely.

But if you’re new to the Node JS framework or vaguely familiar with its core concepts, this post will help you understand its fundamentals better. In addition, this post will cover the basics of the Node JS framework, why and when to use it, its different parts, use cases, and more.

Let’s get started. 

What is Node JS framework?

Node JS framework is one of the most popular server-side technologies available today. It’s a backend JavaScript runtime environment that’s open-source and cross-platform. 

On May 27, 2009, Ryan Dahl (the creator of the Node JS framework) released the first version. 14.17.6 is the most recent LTS (long-term support) version.

Node JS framework has grown in popularity around the world, particularly in Silicon Valley. You can build amazing programs using this framework, including social media apps, real-time video and messaging apps, online multiplayer games, real-time tracking apps, and much more. 

So if you’re a software developer, Node JS will open up a world of possibilities for you. 

Node JS framework: Key characteristics

Open source: 

  • Node JS is an open-source framework with a vast community of users. 
  • It has an open community that assists in adding new functionality to Node JS applications. 

Easy and quick: 

  • Node JS libraries can execute code quickly because they are built on Google Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. 


  • Every library in Node JS is asynchronous. It means that Node JS servers never wait for an API to respond before moving to the next one.

High scalability:

  • Node JS is very scalable because of its event mechanism, which helps the server provide a non-blocking response. 
  • Node JS is cross-platform. It can be built and deployed on Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. 

Ideal for real-time applications: 

  • Node JS has exceptional properties for developing real-time apps like chat and games. 
  • It’s also useful for programs that need a server that responds to events. 

High efficiency: 

  • In Node JS, a single-threaded JavaScript runtime provides integrated network applications. 

When to use Node JS framework?

Node js framework

When to use Node JS framework?

  • Backend for Social Media Networking

    With its V8 engine, Node JS delivers lightning-fast routing and secure authentication. That’s why Node JS is used to build several well-known websites, such as LinkedIn and Medium.
  • Single-page Application (SPA) Development

    Node JS can create a single-page app that looks and feels like a desktop program, just like single-page web pages. Therefore, it is great for building social networking platforms, dynamic websites, and email solutions.
    In addition to that, Node JS is one of the best choices for SPA development because of its asynchronous data flow quality on the backend.
  • Chatbots

    For real-time chatbots and chat systems, the Node JS framework provides sophisticated functionalities. Chatbots have crucial properties such as multi-user apps, dense data, and high traffic across all devices. Node JS framework is ideal for chatbot apps because it works on all devices and covers all paradigms.
    In addition, server-side event loops and push notifications (common in IMs and real-time programs) are simple to implement with Node JS.
  • Data Streaming

    The Node JS framework has a distinct advantage in data streaming due to its blazing-fast file processing and feather-light encoding and uploading.
    Netflix, for example, has welcomed the Node JS framework to service 190 countries and more than 100 million hours of streaming to 120 million subscribers.
  • IoT Application Development

    IoT has exploded in popularity in the last decade. As a result, the Node JS framework has become one of the most popular solutions for companies building public and private IoT solutions.
    The event-driven server design of Node JS and asynchronous processing of relevant heavy I/O operations on IoT networks are possible thanks to Node JS.
    Furthermore, the Node JS framework is the best platform for IoT app development because it works with write and readable channels and streams.

Several well-known companies use the Node JS framework. 

When compared to other programming languages, the Node JS framework is very new. However, despite this, Fortune 500 firms prefer the Node JS framework to alternative frameworks. 

Here are a few big names that use the Node JS framework actively:

  1. LinkedIn
  2. Netflix
  3. Uber
  4. Trello
  5. PayPal
  6. NASA
  7. eBay
  8. Medium
  9. Groupon
  10. Walmart 

For what purpose(s) would you prefer using the Node JS framework?

Where shouldn’t the Node JS framework be used?

While researching the best technology, you may come across various alternative tech options. Each technology has its own set of advantages and disadvantages.

However, if you’re planning to build any of the following apps, you might want to reconsider using Node JS.

  • Relational database is in beta

    You can develop a standard web or mobile application on the server using Node JS and express.js. However, any heavy CPU-intensive computation in these web applications will cause the Node JS framework to become unresponsive.
    As Node JS’s Relational DB tool is still in beta, it’s best to use other tools to conduct relational operations.
  • Processing on the server is intensive.

    The Node JS framework is probably not the ideal solution for extensive server-side computing. It has a non-blocking I/O node model and an event-driven model.
  • Computations that use a lot of the CPU

    Because the Node JS framework is single-threaded, it may not be suitable for your web applications. For example, if the server is responsible for processing a large computation, it will invariably stall.
  • Tool Imperfections

    The Node JS framework has proven to be exceptional in a variety of situations and applications.
    Despite having the benefit of a thriving Node community contributing to npm modules and libraries, many users have complained about bugs, low quality, incomplete modules, and documentation.
    But if you have experienced Node JS developers on your team, rest assured, they’ll select proper npm modules and libraries for your project. 

What’s next?

Now that you have a deeper understanding of Node JS, you can go ahead and explore Node.js codes. You can work on challenging real-time projects to get good exposure to the same. 

There are ample job opportunities for experienced Node JS developers out there. However, if you’re looking for high-paying Node JS jobs with US-based companies, you should try Turing.  Turing offers full-time, long-term remote software jobs with competitive compensation and excellent career growth to developers having 3+ years of experience.  

The vetting process at Turing consists of four steps:

  • Upload resume
  • Work experience assessment
  • Tech stack tests (algorithm challenges)
  • Coding challenge

 Visit the Jobs page for more information. 

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By Dec 3, 2021
Angular 13 Features
For Developers

Angular 13: Features and Updates

Angular 13 comes with a range of amazing updates and features to help software developers build great apps. Read more to find out how!

Almost five months after the last update, Angular released v13 on Nov 3, 2021, currently available as a production release. To get Angular 13, developers must run ng update in their project.

Angular developers, aka Angularites, were eagerly waiting for this Angular update as it removes the view engine entirely and provides a cleaner way to create components, among other things. 

This post dives deeper into the significant updates that are a part of Angular’s latest version. 

Angular 13 is now 100 percent Ivy 

Angular 13

Angular 13: 100% Ivy

Angular 13 has successfully removed the view engine; the framework is now 100 percent Ivy. As a result, faster compilation and increased productivity are now possible on the platform.

Developers who build libraries using Angular need to ensure that their code is up to date. In addition,  they must transition from “enableIvy:false” to “compilationMode:partial” to keep up with this Angular update. 

Angular 13 has a simplified API

In the previous version,  developers required a boilerplate to create code. Angular 13, with its IVY everywhere approach, allows developers to create code dynamically. 

Earlier,  one had to inject ComponentFactoryResolver into the constructor to create a component. Now, you can do so without creating an associated factory with the help of ViewContainerRef.createComponent. 

Here’s an example:

Angular 13 New Features

Angular 13: Components

Angular v13 features – Angular CLI improvements 

All new projects will have persistent build-cache toggled on by default in Angular 13.

As a result, there is a 68 percent improvement in build speed with more ergonomic options available.

Developers upgrading their projects to v13 must add the following code to angular.json to enable this feature. 


    “$schema”: “…”,

    “cli”: {

        “cache”: {

            “enabled”: true,

            “path”: “. cache”,

            “environment”: “all”





Angular package format (APF) changes

Angular 13 has made several changes to the Angular package format. Older output formats, including View Engine-specific Metadata, have been removed, and modern JS formats like ES2020 have been standardized. 

Moreover, Angular 13 has updated APF to support node package exports, reducing developers’ reliance on internal APIs. 

In addition, Libraries in Angular 13 do not require ngcc, providing developers faster execution and leaner package output. 

IE11 is no longer supported. 

Acting on overwhelming feedback received in the RFC put out by the team, Angular 13 has finally removed support for IE11. 

CSS code paths, build passes, polyfills, special JS, and other infrastructure existing for IE11 will be eliminated. 

With this update, Angular can easily associate with evergreen browsers and Web APIs. 

What’s more, developers will leverage features like CSS variables and web animations, whereas users will experience faster loading and enhanced user experience. 

Angular 13 features – Component improvements 

Angular 13

Angualr 13: Larger touch target sizes

In Angular 13, Accessibility (ay11) is at the center of all the updates made to the Angular material components.

These include: 

  • Better ARIA descriptions 
  • Larger touch target sizes
  • High contrast styling mode for icon buttons 
  • More accessible matChipRemove 
  • Datepicker improvements 
  • Addition of default role to ‘table’ 
  • Stepper updates 
  • Strong focus option for slider 

Additionally, fake mouse down events are correctly detected from screen readers by FocusMonitor in this Angular update. 

Thus, whenever focus and click events happen on screen, your applications will rightly interpret them in v13.

Angular 13 features – Testbed updates 

The latest Angular update improves the testbed significantly, as the DOM is cleaned after every test. 

In addition to this, the testbed tears down test modules and environments in a more effective manner. 

Also, v13 enables the Angular testing module teardown by default. 

Therefore, developers using Angular 13 will get faster, less interdependent, memory-intensive, and optimized tests. 

What are the other updates? 

An Angular update a lot of community members are excited about is inline support for Adobe fonts.

This update will improve app speed and performance. The introduction of $localize docs is a prominent feature that provides an efficient method for i18n and tag messages.

Angular 13

Angular 13: Typescript 4.4

Other notable updates in Angular 13 include: 

  • Typescript 4.4 support
  • Improved error messaging 
  • Default RxJS 7.4 for apps created with ngnew
  • Dynamic enabling and disabling of built-in validator 
  • The introduction of FormControlStatus for forms 
  • New type support for language service. 


Apart from delivering on the Ivy everywhere promise made in Angular 12 and removing the View Engine altogether, Angular 13 has many impressive features and updates. 

The framework has become more efficient with inline support for adobe fonts, simplified API, $localize docs, component, and CLI improvements. 

The best part? The Angular team wants to add more standalone directives, pipes, and components to the framework in upcoming v14 and v15, with the latest version right along those lines. 

Angular is one of the most used web frameworks in the world. Despite this, even experienced Angular developers find it challenging to get their desired job due to intense competition. 

Turing offers Angular developers long-term, remote jobs in top US companies with unmatched compensation and incomparable career growth. Visit our Jobs page to know more!

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By Nov 29, 2021
Software developer job interview
For Developers

Ten Tips to Crack a Software Developer Job Interview

Cracking a software developer job interview is no cakewalk. Here are a few tips to help level up your prep and ace the technical interview.

According to the US Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS), the expected demand for software engineers will grow by 22 percent by 2029 (the average predicted growth rate for all other occupations is around 4 percent). In addition, skilled software developers earn higher-than-average wages and have access to various exciting work opportunities throughout their careers. But cracking a software developer job interview at big techs is no cakewalk owing to the fierce competition.

Therefore, it takes much more than just practicing random problems to crack the interviews conducted by these companies. You must have a solid strategy and the right set of skills to do well in these tests.

This post will discuss ten critical tips to help you crack your next software developer interview. 

Let’s get started. 

  1. Software developer job interview tip 1: Start early

    It is never too early to start preparing for software developer job interviews. Here’s the thing: By giving yourself additional time, you can prepare for more questions. So make it a priority to spend your time working on your software skills as soon as you begin applying.
    The majority of software developer job interviews include both technical and behavioral sections. You need to excel in both to earn a position at your desired firm. Hence, set aside enough time to prepare for each interview component to avoid feeling rushed towards the end.
  2. Tip 2: Manage the interview time effectively

    It is not enough to simply arrive at the right answer. Coming up with the correct solution within the given time is equally important in a software developer job interview.
    While the interviewers don’t expect you to get the correct answer on the first try, they prefer that you get it right within the given time limit. Therefore, taking timed mock tests can help you improve your problem-solving speed. 
  3. Software developer job interview tip 3: Practice. Practice. Practice.

    To ace software developer job interviews at any good tech firm, you’ll need a whole new set of skills that you can only learn by practicing.
    • Practice solving coding problems on paper, whiteboards, and computers.
    • Consciously think about your problem-solving approach when going through the coding and general problems, and try to figure where you risk going wrong.
      Do this repeatedly to build familiarity around all kinds of problems. You will get better at cracking interviews with consistent practice and become a software professional that tech giants love to hire. 
  4. Tip 4: Learn about the company

    Surprisingly, many candidates don’t spend much time researching the organization that’s about to interview them. Of course, the interviewers do not expect the candidate to know everything there is to know about the organization. Nevertheless, candidates who are aware of the company’s past and present projects get brownie points. Moreover, such candidates are in a better position to ask high-impact questions during the interview.
    Consider what distinctive contributions you can make to the organization in light of their goals and your abilities. These will distinguish you from the sea of other software developers applying for the job.
    Here’s some extra advice – You will generall/y know who will be interviewing you in advance. So spend some time googling the interviewer in addition to researching the organization. Reading a little about them and their work will help you feel more at ease during the interview. You can also learn about their hobbies and interests. This small extra effort may lead you to discover commonalities and mutual connections you might have with them. 
  5. Software developer job interview tip 5: Have a company-specific approach

    Personality traits and technical abilities are valued differently by different firms. You must ensure that your values align with those of the company you’re hoping to join. Revise your preparation based on the company you’re going after and learn what they’re looking for in candidates.
  6. Tip 6: Read the job description thoroughly

    The job description should serve as the foundation for developing your interview preparation strategy. Reading the job description carefully will give you clear insight into the role and its expectations. So, work on developing the skills needed for the job and find ways to highlight them in your resume.
  7. Software developer job interview tip 7: Prepare for the different interview rounds

    The number of interview rounds you go through depends on your level of experience and expertise. But for a frontend and backend developer role, these are the standard rounds you can expect:
    • Online coding / Machine coding
    • Problem-solving (algorithms & data structures)
    • High-level design / Low-level design
    • Hiring manager / Culture fit
      Judging in each round depends upon the role you’ve applied for and your experience. For example, if you’re interviewing for a Junior developer position, the online / machine coding round, problem-solving, and LLD rounds are given higher priority. Although companies expect some design knowledge in the HLD and LLD phases, a junior developer’s design knowledge is not crucial. However,  for senior positions, expect a round to test your leadership qualities plus all of the above rounds. 
  8. Tip 8: Go through several mock interviews

    The goal of a mock interview is to assess your performance, receive feedback, identify the areas that require improvement, and track progress. Therefore, you should go through as many software developer mock interviews as possible.
    Ideally, you should do mock interviews with individuals with technical expertise who have conducted coding interviews before. However, if that isn’t an option, you can practice with your peers from the software industry and get their opinions on your performance.
  9. Software developer job interview tip 9: Don’t lose faith

    It’s normal to be nervous before an interview. However, you can relieve some pressure and feel more confident if you practice positive self-talk while waiting for your turn. Bottom line – trust yourself and believe that you can succeed if you put your mind to it.
  10. Tip 10: Get help from others

    If receiving expert advice can help you get closer to your goals, don’t be afraid to do so. Here are some options for obtaining outside assistance with your software developer interview preparation:
    • Hire an expert to help you create your CV.
    • Invest time to build your network to get a referral from within the organization.
    • Enroll in an interview preparation course if needed.

Ready to level up your career?

Software developer job interview

Software developer job interview: Ready to level up your career?

Yes, software developer interviews at FAANG and other big techs are nerve-wracking. However, you can overcome these obstacles and take a step forward in your profession with the right strategies.

You can also work with these tech giants and other Silicon Valley startups via Turing. Turing is a ‘deep’ jobs platform that allows talented software developers to work from the comfort of their own homes with leading US organizations. Turing enables developers to collaborate with former tech leaders and engineering managers from Google, Facebook, Microsoft, Amazon, and other top firms and grow through the process.

With Turing, you can get full-time, high-paying, long-term remote software jobs and be part of a community of the world’s greatest developers right from the comfort of your home. 

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By Nov 19, 2021
For Developers

Here’s How You Can Use Docker to Test and Deploy Web Applications

This post shares tips to build images, run tests, and deploy web applications with Docker containers and Docker-compose.

As a web developer, you might have faced the following situations at least once while testing apps: 

  • You’ve worked hard on the new feature for your web application; however, you find it challenging to deploy the same. 
  • You don’t know how to test the feature before releasing it to the production environment.

How do you solve these problems?

Enter Docker. Docker is a free and open-source containerization platform that enables software developers to package programs and applications into containers – standardized executable components that merge application source code with the OS libraries.

Can you develop containers without Docker? 

Sure, you can! Docker makes building, deploying, and managing containers simpler and safer. 

Docker is a toolkit that allows you to use a single API to build, deploy, operate, update, and stop containers using simple commands and work-saving automation.

This post shares tips to build images, run tests, and deploy web applications with Docker containers and Docker-compose.

Let’s get started. 

As a software developer, you typically work with web servers, databases, web frameworks, and environment variables most of the time. And there is no easy way to clone all the infrastructure into your local machine. This predicament gets even worse when you’re trying to clone a huge production environment with features like caching systems, asynchronous task queuing, or NoSQL databases. 

So what do you do to resolve this? 

Solving this challenge is where Docker comes into the picture—again! Docker was released in 2013 as a new OS-level virtualization tool, and its main goal was to create an isolated environment and network to deploy apps in bundles. Did it accomplish its goal? Of course, it did! You can use this tool to test applications locally in a hassle-free manner. 

How to deploy apps using Docker?

Yes, Docker lets developers deploy apps using their local machine. But how can you deploy the system requirements for an app?

To run a container, you need to build an image beforehand. This image will serve as a blueprint for Docker to know which system requirements the container will need to run our app successfully. This file is called the Dockerfile. A Dockerfile uses a special notation to define and install the system requirements for your app. 

Docker can extend images from other images. This method allows you to use already implemented images as a base for your application’s image container.

There are plenty of open-source images that you can use as a base for your image. You can find a complete list here

Once you’ve chosen your base image, you need to define the steps your container needs to run the app. You can find the complete list of commands here

How to deploy multiple containers?


Docker: How to deploy multiple containers?

We have already gone over the app’s deployment into a container, allowing us to install dependencies. 

But what if you need to connect several apps into the same network as databases, caching systems, or queuing systems. 

As you may have noticed, every container has a single command to run; this means that if you want to deploy several apps, you will have to deploy several containers. But as we’ve seen, Docker creates an isolated network for containers—this is where Docker-compose comes to the rescue.

Docker-compose allows you to create a stack of containers that runs together into a single network or even multiple networks.

Docker-compose also works if you deploy your production cluster using the Docker Swarm orchestration system. To create a deployment using docker-compose, you will have to define a file named docker-compose.yml. This file uses the YAML formatting system to describe the containers your docker multi-container application will use.

To sum it up

Development and production environments are often daunting for software development teams. In the past, it was difficult to create identical circumstances in the testing environment and production environment for most software developers.

But today, Docker lets you run your tests in containers and isolate them throughout development and deployment; this feature ensures that whatever works on your machine will work for your customers as well.

You can find the complete reference to create a docker-compose file here

Are you a brilliant software developer looking for high-paying remote Docker jobs? Try Turing. 

Turing is looking for experienced Docker developers to define and implement the containerization strategies for its U.S customers. Head over to the Jobs page to get matched with the best US and Silicon Valley companies.

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By Nov 18, 2021
For Developers

What Is MLOps and How You Can Get Started With it?

MLOps is an attempt to elevate machine learning from experimentation to a fully contributing part of any organization’s tech stack. Read here to know more.

In one of the recent episodes of Turing Dev Talks, Parv, a Machine Learning Tech Lead at Turing, shares his insight on MLOps. MLOps is catching the attention of industry leaders across the globe and creating new job profiles. Parv highlighted the intricacies of this emerging discipline and answered some of the frequently asked questions related to it. 

MLOps is an attempt to elevate machine learning from experimentation to a fully contributing part of any organization’s tech stack. Organizations are focusing on MLOps by taking the machine learning models from experimentation to solving actual business problems. 

This post looks at the fundamentals of MLOps and shares tips on you can get started in this field as a software developer.

Let’s dive in.

MLOps: A bridge between production and deployment  

According to reports, 72 percent of organizations that began AI pilots couldn’t even deploy a single application in production. MLOps has the potential to bridge this gap between the creation of a product and its deployment.

The practice is all about solving the end-to-end lifecycle management problems that arise when working on a machine learning problem. MLOps helps take an ML proof of concept (POC) and gets it production-ready. 

Why should you use it?

Parv highlighted the following benefits of using MLOps:

  • MLOps helps in creating reproducible models and retraining machine learning models easily.
  • MLOps aids  in calculating the features needed for a machine learning model in production
  • After deployment, MLOps helps monitor the predictions made by the model and checks if the predictions are in line with the expectations.
  • MLOps enables effective management of the entire machine learning lifecycle.

MLOps: DevOps vs. MLOps


MLOps vs DEVOps

MLOps is like a specialization of DevOps focused on the end-to-end lifecycle management of machine learning products. The critical difference between the two is that, unlike DevOps, MLOps can evaluate the input/output and predefined user behavior and the data and the model quality from the machine learning products. 

MLOps can also identify previously unseen behavior of machine learning models. 

Essential skillsets for aspiring ML engineers

To become a skilled machine learning engineer, it is not mandatory to have certified machine learning degrees. However, one must have explicit knowledge and understanding of the fundamental concepts of software engineering and how various machine learning techniques work.  

Summary: What is MLOps and why do we need it?

Since the past few years, there has been an increasing interest in MLOps from organizations across various industries. In addition, the push to have standardized machine learning model formats and standardized data set definitions has accelerated this branch of machine learning.

At present, there are a plethora of machine learning job postings that are currently available on various online job portals. Many machine learning developers are also looking for MLOps opportunities that are a perfect fit for their skillsets. However, standing out in this global developer pool is immensely difficult. If you want to stand out in the competition, we might have something for you. With Turing, you can land high-paying, remote machine learning developer jobs at top US companies right from the comfort of your home. Visit the Jobs page to know more. 

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By Nov 16, 2021
Angular 12 new features
For Developers

Angular 12: Seven Updates You Must Know

Angular 12 new features: Find out what updates have enhanced the framework’s efficiency. This post is a must-read for you if you’re a software developer.

This version of Google’s TypeScript-based web framework, Angular, comes with some significant updates. ‘Google’s Ivy Everywhere Approach,’ which helps streamline the software development process, lies at the center of this update. Apart from moving to Ivy, Angular 12 improves massively upon the styling aspects, message-id format, nullish coalescing, ng API, etc. Additionally, Angular 12 offers different tools and new features, which are easy to deploy in AWS. This post takes a closer look at Angular 12 new features.

Angular 12 new features: Ivy everywhere

Angular 12 is finally deprecating its old legacy compilation and rendering pipeline called the View Engine. The next release will eliminate the rendering pipeline. Libraries previously working with View Engine will then function with Ivy.

With the help of a compatibility compiler and a smooth update path, the entire ecosystem will shift to Ivy. And thus, Ivy everywhere will make Angular 12 much more efficient.

Canonical message-ID format

The message-id format has become much more resilient and robust in Angular 12. Previously, the legacy message-ids were fragile and inconsistent in their translation owing to whitespace and translation invalidation issues.

Angular 12 eliminates errors occurring due to format templates and ICU expressions by migrating away from multiple legacy. Now, developers can migrate any legacy localization IDs to canonical message-ids using the latest algorithms.

Angular 12 new features: Nullish coalescing

Angular 12 New Features

Angular 12 New Features: Nullish Coalescing

Angular 12 allows nullish coalescing utilization for its templates. By using nullish coalescing operators (??) developers can write cleaner code. 

At the same time, nullish coalescing allows developers to improve complex conditionals by using the new syntax structure.

For example,

{{age !== null && age !== undefined ? age : calculateAge() }}

{{age ?? calculateAge() }}

Angular 12: Default strict mode

By enabling strict mode by default in CLI, developers can catch bugs faster in Angular 12 than earlier versions. The strict mode also makes application examinations a lot quicker.

Another critical feature of Angular 12 strict mode is the ng update command refactor. With this update, developers can code securely and accurately while creating a new application or workspace.

NG API upgrade

In Angular 12, ng troubleshooting API can give key information about the working of applications during runtime. Furthermore, added functionalities like getDirectiveMetada and esetProfiler will simplify and thoroughly inspect applications to debug APIs.

The getDirectiveMetada will help in recovering data related to different parts and directives. On the other hand, the esetProfile will help trace template durations, updates, and the runtime of lifecycle hooks.

Angular 12 new features: Typescript 4.2

Angular 12 New Features

Angular 12 New Features: TypeScript 4.2

There are quite a few updates in Typescript 4.2 for Angular 12. These include improvements in operator, type alias, tuple types, and abstract classes.

Typescript 4.2 will not allow essential variables and other relevant information to appear erroneously by improving the in-operator. Similarly, the improved TypeScript version will return substantial valid aliases and the right types, reducing repetition and errors.

Tuples in Typescript 4.2 can enable discretionary, optional, and rest components, improving readability and tooling. Similarly, Typescript 4.2 in Angular 12 makes it easier to check a class and allows abstract modifiers for constructor signatures.

Styling improvements

Along with the updates mentioned above, Angular received a slew of styling improvements in this version. Firstly,  support for inline Sass is available in the component decorator-style field. Additionally, Angular Material and Angular CDK have internally adopted a new Sass module framework. Finally, angular 12 now also supports Tailwind CSS. 

Other updates in Angular 12 include the addition of minified UMDs, redirected source files, strict null checks, emit event option, HTTP status codes, and Webpack 5 support.

Angular 12 vs Angular 11: What’s new?

Angular 12 was released within a few months after the release of Angular 11. We can indeed say that we have seen major changes, improvements, and changes in the core structure. Angular 12 now has TypeScript 4.2, whereas Angular 11 used TypeScript 4.0. The new version of Angular is supported by Webpack 5.37, which was earlier restricted to Webpack 5.0. While Angular 11 had strict checks with a flag, Angular 12 has strict mode by default. Angular 12 now has IVY everywhere, which means that the depreciation will be eliminated in future releases significantly. Angular 11 had an opt-in service. These are the key changes in Angular 12 that we can see compared to Angular 11.


Angular has indeed leveled up its game with this version. With improved performance, language service, form validation, and compiler services, Angular 12 provides more control to developers. The new version is more stable than the previous one. It can also serve as the foundation for Zone.js choices, which will be a part of future updates in line with Zoneless Angular and Angular’s Marquee Project. 

Angular is one of the most popular web frameworks. However, even well-versed Angular Developers may find it hard to get the perfect job that matches their expectations owing to stiff competition.

Turing helps Angular developers get long-term, remote jobs with solid career growth and unmatched compensation with US companies. Visit the Jobs page to know more! 

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By Nov 15, 2021
React vs. Angular
For Developers

React vs. Angular: Which JS Framework Should You Choose?

Angular is a full-fledged mobile and web development framework, whereas React is a UI development framework. Here’s a detailed React vs. Angular comparison.

Choosing the best JavaScript framework is difficult, especially when you have a range of framework features capable of meeting the project’s needs. So naturally, selecting the proper framework requires a lot of deliberation. Though we cannot place one framework over the other, we can compare their performance across different parameters. In this React vs. Angular comparison post, we dive deeper into the technologies, use cases, differences, and similarities, to help you pick the best framework for your project. 

Let’s get started.

What is React?

React vs Angular


React is a front-end development library that is open-source and written in JavaScript, useful for making UI (User Interface) components. Its component-based and declarative characteristics make it simple for developers to construct complex yet interactive user interfaces. Because of its ‘learn once, write anywhere’ approach, developers can create rapid and scalable apps for any platform. Facebook and a community of individual developers manage React. 

Interested to know more about React? Read why you should choose React for your project.

What is Angular?

React vs Angular


Angular is a programming platform that uses TypeScript. It’s a component-based web application framework for building highly scalable online applications. It includes several well-integrated features and defined libraries, such as client-server communication, routing, and more. The platform also consists of a suite of developer tools for creating and expanding projects ranging from single-developer to enterprise-grade programs.

React vs. Angular: Difference Between Angular and React

React is a JSX-based JavaScript library, whereas Angular is a TypeScript-based JavaScript framework. Commonly, we use Angular to build complex enterprise-grade apps like single-page apps and progressive web apps. In contrast, React is usually used to construct UI components in apps with regularly variable data. The learning curve for Angular is steeper because of its large number of built-in features, whereas React has a moderate learning curve. 

These traits make React and Angular fundamentally different from each other. Thus, we must establish a common ground on which we can compare the two. First, let’s briefly look at the technical specs displayed in the chart below.

Comparison Chart

Comparison Parameters for React vs. Angular

React JS


Founded By

Jordan Walke

Misko Hevery

Release Year



Ideal For

Large web applications with frequently variable data

Highly interactive web applications

App Size

Relatively Small




Moderately High

Dynamic UI Binding



Learning Curve



UI Rendering



Which One Should I Choose?


Big Ecosystem

For JS lovers

Small Team


High Community Support

Large Apps

Clean HTML Codes



Open Source

Open Source

React vs. Angular: What is React’s primary use?

React is an open-source framework that is free to use. Often, to manage an application’s view layer, developers utilize it to create reusable UI components. It is rapid and scalable to change data without reloading the webpage. React was initially applied in the Facebook news feed and then in the Instagram news feed. React is commonly used in large-scale apps to load data without refreshing the site.

Reasons to choose React:

  • Unlike Angular, React requires developers to incorporate external entities to access certain functions and get fully interactive functionality. 
  • It contains Redux-like state containers for the quick creation of scalable apps, such as dynamic elements.
  • React can be used for converting JSX to JavaScript for better browser compatibility.
  • In React Code, bundlers, such as web packs, are used. 

Some of the companies that use React are Netflix, The New York Times, etc. 

React vs. Angular: What is Angular’s best use?

Angular is a front-end development framework often cited as the fastest way to construct data-driven online applications. As Google engineers designed it, many specialists back the code, ensuring stability and efficiency. In addition, the model-view-controller capabilities of Angular are noteworthy, as it increases the functionality of browser-based apps by reducing the amount of javascript code required to keep the project operating.

Reasons to choose Angular:

  • Rxjs and AngularCLI are built-in technologies of Angular that make it easier to construct data exchange channels and handle events independently. With Angular, creating apps, adding files, and debugging errors in a project is a breeze. 
  • By running the components in parallel, Angular optimizes the developers’ work and saves several lines of code. 
  • It improves overall performance. 
  • Server-side rendering is quick.

Some of the companies that use Angular are Paypal, Upwork, Localytics, etc. 

React vs. Angular: Conclusion

While React could be the go-to solution for teams that want to construct small-sized applications, Angular could be the perfect choice for teams building enterprise-grade applications with large web development. Overall, React offers a simple approach to getting the job done as it doesn’t have anything to do with structuring HTML. React focuses on the simplest ways to reuse UI components. Similarly, Angular is also capable of managing various tasks without the need for external assistance. 

But no matter which technology you choose after reading this React vs. Angular post, using the framework at the right place with the right team will make all the difference. 

Are you a brilliant software developer looking for remote jobs? If you are, try Turing. With Turing, you can access full-time, long-term, high-paying remote React and Angular jobs, which offer tremendous career growth, global remote opportunities, mentorship, and a fantastic community of developers and engineers. 

And it’s super easy to get started. Pass our tests, get matched, and start working with us! Visit Turing’s Jobs page for more information.

Which of the two offers better server-side rendering?

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By Nov 12, 2021
Vue.js features
For Developers

Here’s What You Should Know About Vue.JS

This post looks at some of the primary applications of Vue.js to help software developers understand the framework better.

In a recent interview, Manaf, a software developer at, shared his insights on Vue.js.  With 190k GitHub stars, Vue.js is currently one of the most sought-after JavaScript frameworks among software developers. Giants like Facebook, Apple, Adobe, BMW, and GitLab are also fond of it. Evan You, a former developer at Google, created the Vue.js framework as a side project. 

Owing to the framework’s massive popularity, the Vue.js community continues to grow with contributions from front-end developers across the globe. 

This post looks at some of Vue.js’ basic features and applications to help developers understand the framework better.

Vue.js: How does it work? 


Vue.js: How does it work?

Vue.js focuses on the layout and UI with the help of JavaScript. “This means if you have a static web application that focuses on UI and you’re not sure if you should add more functionalities, Vue.js can help you in adding more JavaScript functions and other functionalities,” says Manaf.

Also, the Vue.js framework connects the View and the Model via two-way data bindings, making it easy to integrate into various projects. The built-in features that help Vue.js gain popularity include two-way data binding, virtual DOM, components, animation, and detailed documentation. 

Vue.js: Why should you use it?

Manaf highlighted the following benefits of using the Vue.js framework:

  • Vue.js is well-known among developers for its quick-learning curve and fast development approach that helps build web applications in real-time.
  • If you have a tight budget and time constraints, Vue.js can help you to develop your MVP in no time.
  • Vue.js is also a good choice for developers if they are developing sophisticated single-page applications (SPA). 
  • Vue.js helps you create a quick and easy-to-use UI with minimal JavaScript without going through the maintenance of the pipeline for the data flow.
  • Vue.js is a developer-friendly framework that helps you develop your Vue-based application without any hassle.


Vue.js pretty much has it all when it comes to web development. There are several reasons why Vue.js is growing so fast among developers. It is developer-friendly, has a fast learning curve, well-defined ecosystem, and handy conventions. All these intuitive features make Vue.js a reliable option for web developers. 

At present, there are hundreds of Vue.js job openings on popular online job platforms. Similarly, thousands of software developers are looking for Vue.js jobs that perfectly match their skill sets. 

If you want to stand out in the competition, we might have something for you. With Turing, you can land remote Vue.js jobs at top US companies right from the comfort of your home. Visit the jobs page to be part of Turing’s elite developer community.

Watch the full interview here.

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By Nov 10, 2021
Things to know to get hired as a Turing Engineered questions about Turing Jobs
For Developers

‘How Do You Get a Job at Turing’ and Other Questions Answered.

Are you a developer having doubts about Turing Jobs? This article will clear all of your queries.

Are you a software developer looking for remote job opportunities with big tech companies? If yes, you might have already heard about us.  But if you haven’t, we’ve got you covered. This post answers six of the most Googled questions about Turing jobs to help you understand the organization better.

Let’s get started!

  1. Turing jobs: How do I get a job at Turing?

    We want to tell you that it’s easy, but it isn’t. You need to be highly skilled in the software or language of your choice for landing a job at Turing. You will also have to undergo a rigorous testing process that combines human vetting and AI systems to match qualified engineers with top US companies.
    The best part of all of this? You won’t have to worry about finding different remote software developer jobs and applying to them on various platforms. Turing will ensure that you get the best job opportunities through its Intelligent Talent Cloud without any hassle.
    With Turing, you can apply for jobs in over 100+ skills like React, Node.Js, Python, etc. As the project you’re working on nears completion, our team will match you with the next project within no time.
  2. What is Turing remote? Can developers work remotely with Turing?

    We are a Palo Alto, California-based deep jobs platform that is on a mission to match the best software developers from around the world with the top U.S. Silicon Valley companies hiring for remote positions. And thus, we are on a constant lookout for talented developers that have excellent coding skills and want to work remotely.
    Remote work offers several benefits. It gives you the freedom to choose when you work, where you work, and gives you the freedom to spend quality time with your family and friends. We want our developers to have all of that!
    All you have to do is head to Turing’s hiring page, sign-up for the vetting process, and successfully pass the tests to get matched for remote software developer jobs. Furthermore, you don’t have to pay anyone to find a job with Turing!
  3. Turing tests: How do I prepare for Turing?

    Applying for a remote job in the US requires you to have excellent communication skills. In addition to this, you must be able to understand and communicate in English.
    As a software developer, you should be knowledgeable of the advancements in your particular field. So, keep up with the latest trends. According to our experience, successful developers spend around 1-2 weeks preparing on coding practice platforms such as Leetcode, HackerRank, etc. Leveraging these platforms help in polishing your technical skills!
    Please note that you’ll be spending anywhere between three to six hours on the programming tests.
    Again, the tests aren’t easy as we pride ourselves on hiring the best talent worldwide. Our developers also recommend reading through code created by other developers, which are available on open-source platforms such as GitHub.
    Turing Jobs

    Most googled questions about Turing jobs: How to get started?

    Turing’s vetting process has the following steps:
    1. Upload your resume
    2. Get your work experience assessed
    3. Go through tech stack tests (Algorithm challenges)
    4. Take the coding challenge
      After this, you will receive an onboarding call from Turing. And don’t worry if you fail the first time. Many of our successful developers failed some of our tests when they first started.

      You will be allowed to take a retest after three months. This way, you’ll pick up right from where you left. We get a bit of backlash from developers who cannot clear the tests in their first attempt, but that’s okay. We suggest that you invest the three-month gap working on the test sections where you need improvement.

  4. Turing jobs: Is Turing only for developers?

    Yes, Turing is focused exclusively on matching talented software developers with top companies from the US. The company’s founders aim to make Turing the best place for software developers to work. And, we can accomplish this goal by aligning ourselves in one direction: creating the best remote jobs and work culture for developers around the world.
  5. Turing jobs: How much do Turing developers make?

    Turing Jobs

    Turing jobs: How much will you make as a Turing developer?

    Unsatisfactory salaries are one of the primary reasons for employee turnover. However, unlike many organizations, Turing believes that the true strength of an organization lies with its people—and great talent should always be well-rewarded.
    When it comes to the salary, tell us about your expectations. Then, together we’ll agree on your compensation. For reference, you can look at what Turing developers have to say about their salaries here.
  6. Is Turing a legitimate company?

    Yes, absolutely! We want to provide excellent remote opportunities to software developers around the world. As a result, we’ve achieved a high satisfaction rate amongst our developers so far. According to a recent survey, 96 percent of Turing developers were either “very satisfied” (82 percent) or “satisfied” (14 percent) with their jobs.
    What’s more, Turing secured a coveted spot on Forbes’ List of America’s Best Startup Employers for 2021. The organization ranked 6th in the Business Products and Software Services category and 16th overall on the celebrated list.     

We hope that most of your doubts have been cleared by now. Of course, it is not easy to become a Turing remote software developer, but you will be a part of a seamless and flexible working culture that many can only dream of once you join.  

Turing Jobs

Head to Turing Jobs page

You can become one of the top 1% of 1M+ software developers around the world by joining us. Still got questions? Do let us know in the comments section below or go through our help center.

If you’re a brilliant developer looking for remote software jobs, you should try Turing. Then, head over to our Jobs page to be a part of a global network of top software engineers.

Join a network of the world's best developers and get long-term remote software jobs with better compensation and career growth.

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By Nov 8, 2021
future of facebook
For Developers

Here’s What Facebook’s VP of Engineering Has to Say about the Future of Work

Rajeev Rajan, VP of engineering at Facebook, talks about the future of Facebook and his take on the future of remote work for engineers.

Rajeev Rajan, VP of engineering and head of Facebook for the Pacific Northwest, has worked with the company for the past four years. However, he has a long tech history of 23 years with Microsoft before he joined Facebook. In a recent interview, Rajan talked about his experiences of working with Microsoft vs. Facebook, Facebook’s exponential growth in the Seattle region, the future of Facebook, and his take on the future of remote work. 

Microsoft vs. Facebook

Rajan had an incredibly successful career with Microsoft. He started as an intern working on Windows 95 and fell in love with the company. 

Talking about the similarities and differences between Microsoft vs. Facebook, Rajan said when he first visited Facebook’s Seattle office, it reminded him of Microsoft in the 1990s. 

Rajan joined Facebook because the company’s energy struck him. He said when he had first experienced the company’s culture, he felt the future of Facebook would have a significant impact on society. 

Future of Facebook in Seattle

Facebook established its first office outside Menlo Park in Seattle in 2010. The company now has offices all over the region, with more than 7,000 employees in the Pacific Northwest.

The future of Facebook seems to be rooted in Seattle. Though the company has been expanding to different locations in the Pacific Northwest, Rajan says they’re not looking to move out of Seattle. 

Future of Facebook: AR, VR, and audio

Future of Facebook

Future of Facebook: AR, VR, and audio

With AR smart glasses providing visual overlays over our original perspective and VR headsets enabling users to experience a whole new world, we can see augmented and virtual reality elements becoming significant considerations in the future.

Keeping in mind the tech industry trend, Rajan says we can expect AR and VR to have a massive presence in the future of Facebook.

Earlier in June, Facebook published a report on the evolution of AR and VR and its future implications in terms of consumer interest, utility, applications, and more.

Another noteworthy announcement is the shift to audio calls. 

Zoom fatigue is a real thing. To reduce the stress caused by video calls, Facebook has adopted the concept of audio meetings where employees can walk around their garden and talk while enjoying the excellent weather. 

Future of Facebook: Remote work

Future of Facebook

Future of Facebook: Remote work

While sharing an update regarding Facebook’s remote policy in June, Zuckerberg mentioned that he expects the shift to remote work to be a long-term thing. 

Facebook will therefore plan their work structure efficiently enough to allow employees to do their work from wherever they live. 

Although in-office workspace will always be a part of Facebook’s work model, only a tiny percentage of employees will return to the office sometime in July. Instead, they’re mostly people who haven’t adapted well to the work-from-home model and are actively looking to return to the office.

However, according to Rajan, Facebook will have a team of fully remote employees who can work from anywhere in the US. 

Future of Facebook: Engineering centers

The demand for engineering talent is continuously increasing. As a result, companies are constantly looking to hire skilled and experienced engineers. This rise in demand means engineering centers will continue to grow all over the world.

However, Rajan feels most of this demand will be met by engineers working remotely. While you had to be from around Seattle or the Bay Area to work for big techs in the past, you no longer have to stay in the big city to do so.


We’re living in a remote-first world where every company is in a race to find the best remote engineers. But it’s hard to get noticed with so many talented developers out there.

If you’re an experienced software developer who wants to take advantage of this rising demand for skilled engineers, Turing can help you find excellent opportunities to work with Silicon Valley companies. Head over to’s Jobs page to know more!

You can read the full interview here.

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By Nov 4, 2021